Shehnaz Qulami (Gholami), the writer of this news bulletin
she is a prisoner of conscience)
A VERY IMPORTANT PROPOSAL
(Based on a proposal at the end of this report) I find it necessary
to highlight a number of important points related to suspicious
deaths of certain individuals who appear to have been murdered. It
is appropriate to request all Azerbaijani activists to consider the
following matter with particular attention. Over the last few years,
lives of a considerable number of Azerbaijani activists have
perished in road accidents or in other suspicious circumstances.
Hence, this is neither the first nor the last time that such
incidents are taking place. It is well known that many Azerbaijani
activists have died in suspicious circumstances some of whom are
detailed as follows:
Suspicious death of Professor
Zehtabi in 1999, the most prominent contemporary historians and
anthropologists of Azerbaijan and Iran, where international
organisations referred to this episode as victims of the serial
killings in the 1999s and condemned it for being implemented by
security agents of the religious authorities holding the reign of
power in Iran.
Mir-kazim Musevi, an [Southern]
Azerbaijani activist and a renowned musician, was killed instantly
in Kerej (Karaj) Highway in a suspicious looking truck accident.
Sehend Efshar, a young poet from
Tebriz, died in 2003 as a result of an accident in a highway leading
to Erdebil also with a cut in his throat. It must be mentioned that
in this suspicious accident, all of his companions, all employees of
the Department of Finance in Tebriz, escaped unscathed.
Qadir Sediqi together with two of
his friends were chased by security agents while on a motor bike. As
a result of the accident, all three of them hit the ground and
subsequently Qadir was killed on the spot due to the intensity of
his injuries and bleeding. The other two were taken to a nearby
hospital due to their injuries.
Nadir Musazade, another
pro-identity activist, was killed in a highway towards Khoy together
with his cousins.
Mehdi Talibi, (known as Albay
Zenganli), a pro-identity [Southern] Azerbaijani activist, was
killed in an accident with a motor car in Peykan Shehr Road.
Babek Nuri, a pro-identity activist
from Keleyber, was killed in the highway to Eher, similar to Mr.
find it necessary to briefly describe Mr Emani`s contribution to the
ongoing struggle and the way he was killed.
It is crystal clear to all activists, inside the country or abroad,
and even to the operative of the chauvinist Iranian security
machinery that Mr Qulamrza Emani was one of the activists who
created the impulse for setting up the political movement in
[Southern] Azerbaijan and he was a motivating force.
He played an incomparable role in organising, many protests and
political meetings. During his time in the university, he was known
as one of the most effective and influential [Southern] Azerbaijani
activists among the students. As he was a tolerant person, he was
well respected by people of different backgrounds, particularly by
young students. This was all the reason for the security agents to
target him more than many others and constantly exert pressure on
him and harass him by whatever means.
He was an engineer by profession and had a contracting company in
Tebriz which specialized in creating green space. He was continually
threatened with terminating his contracts. Furthermore, whenever the
security department perceived the likelihood of a forthcoming
protest, he was the first to be arrested and usually the last to be
freed from detention.
Even at present, there is a number of court cases pressed against
him by the Revolutionary Courts. When I interviewed him, he revealed
that the authorities had not yet issued a definitive verdict against
him for taking part in a demonstration in front of an Armenian
establishment in 2004. On that account, he was detained in Evin
prison and was kept in solitary confinement for a period of one
month but was released on bail. He further stated that, the
authorities had designed a number of other court cases, reminiscent
of the Sword of Damokles, looming over his head. He was then
warned that he would be arrested and imprisoned should he dare to
take part in any protest on the ground of pre-prepared court cases.
By the virtue of his courage and formidable organising aptitude, as
well as his originality, Mr Emani emerged as one of the impregnable
individuals. This explains why the machinery of security agents
drastically failed to undermine Mr. Emani’s resolve despite being
equipped with the latest and most effective surveillance and
military equipment and their trigger-happy mindset. This unravels
his character that he was a person of exceptional abilities as
despite the constant threat of torture, imprisonment, deprivation
from educational and employment opportunities and being denied of
the rights of citizenships, he never stopped yearning for freedom
whatever the perils. He was under constant danger and therefore felt
that he had to be on constant move like a gypsy. Enduring such harsh
political turmoil had transferred him into an unbeatable and
During interrogations which also include physical and psychological
tortures, most of the detainees are warned that if they refuse to
cooperate after their temporary release, they can expect planned and
deadly accidents. These were also the kinds of threats Mr Emani had
received in many occasions. For this very reason, he had often
warned his fellow activists and associates that they were all prone
to planned accidents and that, after meetings they should avoid
travelling together in the same vehicle in order not to fall victim
for intentional incidents.
few days before his fatal accident, Mr Emani’s personal documents, a
considerable amount of his money and even his car had been stolen.
It is of utmost importance that these matters are thoroughly
investigated to discriminate between burglary and an act of theft by
the vested interested of “dark forces” [the translator has
paraphrased the writer’s message and therefore the writer is
relieved of the responsibility for our interpretation]. It is
imperative that the legal investigators do find out the direct and
indirect relevance of such incidents to Mr Emani’s activities. Was
Mr Emani’s car interfered intentionally with or for any other
reason? What was the connection and ideological inclination of the
driver of Khavar [Translator’s note: Khavar is the manufacturer’s
name of truck] truck towards other groups.
Clearly, in accordance with the latest news displayed in Azerbaijani
Students and 35000000 websites, the Khavar truck had collided from
the rear of Mr Emani’s Peykan car [Translator’s note: Peykan is the
manufacturer’s name] and surprisingly, the truck belonged to Sepah
Pasdaran, [Translator’s note: Sepah refers to a notorious
paramilitary forces at the heart of the Iranian government’s
survival machinery]. Knowing that the truck reportedly overtook Mr.
Emani’s car from the rear and belonged to the paramilitary Sepah
organisation, then how these would affect your judgement?
After Mr Emani`s accident, and considering the intensity of his
injuries and bleeding, it is of utmost importance to establish which
individuals were involved in taking him to “Imam Riza (Reza)
Hospital,” and what were the identities of the doctors and the
nurses in charge of his treatment. What was the reason that security
agents had entered the operating theatre without the permission of
the doctors when he was under operation? Is this not good enough
reason to accept that they had malicious intentions about late Mr
Why is it that Sada va Sima (National Iranian Television &
Radio Broadcasting Organisation) in a rehearsed program quoted a
story by an agent called Mr Yaquti who described the accident but
without mentioning the names of the victims and recounted the
tragedy of the massacre of Emani’s family in terms of an ordinary
traffic accident. Is this falsified bulletin not a reflection of the
pre-planned and rehearsed scenario?
Furthermore, it is told that, when Mr Emani went to the police
station to lodge a complaint related to his stolen car, the same
judge who had previously imprisoned him for five years, threatened
him that, unless he abandons his pro-identity activities he would be
responsible to their bitter consequences of his activities. Is it
not open to conjecture that the savage massacre of the Emani’s
family was the actual realisation of the threat by Mr. Emani’s
Let us not overlook one other similar threat that was made by
security agents against a number of cultural activists during the
funeral services of Mr. Emani. In this incident, security agents
threatened a number of prominent activists in the same terms
emphasising that every one of them could expect a similar fate.
Considering the above cases and issues, I am compelled to suggest
the formation of a fact-finding mission to properly investigate the
facts about these inhumane and cowardly acts of murder. The mission
would include contributions from legal experts, Mr Emani’s fellows,
and internal and external human rights organisations. The remit of
this mission would include investigations on all matters relevant to
the accident. The deliverable of the mission could be a report on
the findings forwarded to relevant international organisations and
reliable mass media. What is at stake is the truth and this must
prevail by identifying the murderer or the murderers. If there is
anything under the title of judicial justice, the identified
perpetrators must not escape its terms.
Hoping for the realisation of judicial, economical and feminist
justice in the planet Earth
Shehnaz Qulami (Shahnaz Gholami)
A member of Iranian Women Journalists Association - (ROZA)
Note 1: Where necessary the word (Southern) was added to the
text, as in an international context
this helps not to incriminate
the Republic of Azerbaijan with the ill-deeds of the Iranian
authorities. Generally, the word Azerbaijan in this communication is
limited to Southern Azerbaijan. (There was a typo mistake in Note 1
in our General Communication 4: Ref 509/2008 on 17 November 2008,
which read “this helps to
incriminate”, whereas this is now corrected to “this
helps not to incriminate”).
Note 2: Names are transcribed into English based on
their Azerbaijani scriptures and sometimes their Farsi-based
transcription is quoted within a bracket.