The Problem of Southern Azerbaijan


Ref.:  510/ 2008

Date: 6 December  2008


The Office of High Commissioner for Human Rights, Geneva

                Please circulate this letter to the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention. Also this Communication is relevant to the following:

·         Special Rapporteur on the independence of judges;

·         Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and intolerance.

·          Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences

·          The Independent Expert on Minority Issues

CC          Mr. Dyke and Mrs. Harrison, Amnesty International, London

Also:       Human Rights Watch and Human Rights Server


Mrs. Shehnaz Qulami










Dear sir/madam,


Please find enclosed Communication No. 2 submitted for the attention of the Working Group on arbitrary detention to safeguard human rights of Mrs Shehnaz Qulami, who is deprived of her liberty by Iranian authorities. The collated data and information to defend her case are as follows:

Table 1:       Presents the form required by the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, describing the data related to the deprivation of Mrs. Qulami’s from her liberty.

Table 2:       Presents a reverse chronology on Mrs. Qulami’s recent activities

Table 3:       Reproduces the translation of an article that she published just before being arbitrarily arrested, whereby she demonstrated her courage to defend activists of the national movement of Southern Azerbaijani suffering suspicious accidents and subsequent deaths.

Table 4:       An update in our Communication 1 (Ref 463/2007 on 6 September 2007), which ended up with sentence.

Even though Mrs. Qulami was a woman activist but she was disillusioned with the negligence for the needs of Southern Azerbaijani women by centrist Iranian woman movement and therefore the centre of her attention has turned to campaigning for the cause of Southern Azerbaijani women. Conversely, she has come to a position that she cannot be indifferent to the national movement of Southern Azerbaijan any longer. National movement of Southern Azerbaijan has welcomed her and defends her rigorously. For instance, we do not have resources at present but make this exception to campaign for her.

Moreover, we draw your attention to two further evidences:

  1. According to our best available information, her deprivation from liberty is a consequence of her appeal for organising a fact-finding mission (See the General Communication 4: Ref: 509/2008; Date: 17 November 2008). This episode exposes the touchiness of the Iranian authorities to the outcries of the nation of Azerbaijan in Southern Azerbaijan and to the formation of a fact-finding group.
  2. The verdict issued by the Iranian authorities against Mrs. Qulami has a frequent reference to the holy Islamic Republic of Iran and it is not difficult to see that this is the medieval mindset tinged with traditional racism in Iran to safeguard the interests of the Farsi-speaking nation. The verdict also recounts some of Mrs. Qulami’s activities showing that she is a valour defender of human rights of the nation of Azerbaijan in Southern Azerbaijan.

We would like to stress that this Communication is our own initiative and we have not consulted with the victim, her family members or anyone representing her interests. We state this to manage reprisal risks against the victim by the Iranian authorities.

Once again we appeal to your kind attention to this case and hope you will act in her best interests. Thank you in advance for your care.

Yours faithfully,

Eli Tashkent

For and on behalf of

The Committee for the Defence of the Rights of World Azerbaijanis



Working Group on Arbitrary Detention

"No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile."
(Article 9, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)
VII. Model questionnaire to be completed by persons alleging arbitrary arrest or detention

1.     Family name:               Mrs. Qulami (the transcription of the name from Farsi could be Gholami)

2.     First name:                   Shehnaz

3.     Sex:                            Female        

4.     Birth date or age:           23 October 1967 in Eher (Ahar)

5.     Nationality/Nationalities: Southern Azerbaijani national; a citizen of the Islamic Republic of Iran       

6.       (a) Identity document (if any):national code: 150-018645-7

(b) Issued by:            She is a resident in Tebriz, the capital of Southern Azerbaijan, so her national code has probably been issued in Tebriz (these codes have become customary in the last 10 years or so); but her birth certificate may have been issued in Eher, where she was born, a city in Southern Azerbaijan

(c) On (date):              The data not available          

(d) Address:                        Iran, Tebriz, Quds St. District: Qaim Cul-de-sac: Mehdi, No: 37

7.     Profession and/or activity (if believed to be relevant to the arrest/detention):

The victim was apparently expelled from university for not conforming to the Iranian authority and has lost a series of employment for the same reason.


II. Arrest

1.    Date of arrest:              10 November 2008.

2.    Place of arrest:                    The actual place is rather obscure but it was in Tebriz.

3.    Forces who carried out the arrest or are believed to have carried it out:

                                                   No direct information is available but it was almost certainly by Iranian security agents.


4.    Did they show a warrant or other decision by a public authority?

No direct information on this but it is safe to assume that she was arrested without any warrant.

5.    Authority who issued the warrant or decision:

                                                   No direct information is available but it was almost certainly arranged by Iranian Ministry of Information.

6.    Relevant legislation applied (if known):

This case also bears the hallmark of abduction or an arbitrary arrest.

III. Detention

General Note                As there is no official communiqué, naturally the information provided is through the ceaseless efforts of the Southern Azerbaijani activists, and they often do this at the expense of their own freedom. We will clarify where we make assumptions.


1.    Date of detention:   It is difficult to know when and at what stage the victim was detained, as in Iran these are highly nebulous concepts due to arbitrary acts of the authorities.

2.    Duration of detention (if not known, probable duration):

                                         The only information available is that she was transferred to Tebriz prison on 16 November 2008 ( Therefore she was kept one week in detention under interrogation.

3.   Forces holding the detainee under custody:

                                    During the detention under interrogation, the victim would have been held by agents of the Ministry of Information offices in Tebriz.  Now that the victim has been transferred to Tebriz prison, the authorities responsible for her detention would be the prison authority but the Ministry of Information, the Internal Ministry or the Ministry of Justice would all collude with each other. Therefore, it is highly likely that the prison authorities are manipulated directly by the Ministry of Information.

4.    Places of detention (indicate any transfer and present place of detention):

               Based on published information, it seems that the victim was held in a detention facility in Tebtiz but now she has been transferred to Tebriz prison.

5.    Authorities that ordered the detention: There is no distinction between authority and the nebulous forces arresting and detaining.

6.    Reasons for the detention imputed by the authorities:

       There is no official communiqué. Iranian authorities are breaking their own laws by not providing information but this is a characteristic of colonial rule and they think they can get away with whatever they wish to do.

7.    Relevant legislation applied (if known):

         As there are no imputed charges, relevant legislations underpinning the victim’s ordeal are not known.

IV. Describe the circumstances of the arrest and/or the detention and indicate precise reasons why you consider the arrest or detention to be arbitrary

In the absence of any official communiqué, this arrest bears a great deal of similarity with other arrests and a hallmark of arbitrary detention and abduction. Although she has been a target when she was active in the centralist Iranian politics and was expelled from her university course, racist policies of the centralist Iranian politics has gradually disillusioned her. According to reports, she has been increasingly sympathising with her native Southern Azerbaijan and reportedly this is a new dimension in her worldview. The national movement of Southern Azerbaijan is fully committed to peaceful means and naturally she would be acquiring this mindset too. Her outspoken contributions to the national movement of Southern Azerbaijan is gathering momentum and the most important one is her compilation of theatrical car accidents against Southern Azerbaijani activists, see Tabels 2, 3 and 4.

V.   Indicate internal steps, including domestic remedies, taken especially with the legal and administrative authorities, particularly for the purpose of establishing the detention and, as appropriate, their results or the reasons why such steps or remedies were ineffective or why they were not taken


A massive campaign is underway by the national movement of Southern Azerbaijan for her release.


VI.  Full name and address of the person(s) submitting the information (telephone and fax number, if possible) (d)

Mr. Eli Tashkent

On behalf of:

The Committee for the Defence of the Rights of World Azerbaijanis



Ayna, Sherifzade 1, Baki, Azerbaijan; Tel/Fax +47-99399225; Email:


Date: 6 December 2008 ................................        Signature:
This questionnaire should be addressed to the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, OHCHR-UNOG, 1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland, fax No. (41-22) 917.90.06.

© The Office of the High Commissioner
for Human Rights
Geneva, Switzerland Send e-mail with comments and suggestions to:

8-14 Avenue de la Paix
1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland
Telephone Number (41-22) 917-9000



Table 2 The Chronology of the Arbitrary Violation of Human Rights of Mrs Qulami


Related to Communication 2


A massive campaign underway: e.g.

16 Nov

Transferred from Interrogation Facilities to Tebriz prison

10 Nov

Arrested in Tebriz

Related to Communication 1

19 Sept 2008

She commented on the sentence:

8 Sept 2008

The court issued the sentence of suspended 6 months of imprisonment. See Table 4 for the translation.

4 Sept 2008

She reported the proceedings in the court

12 June 2008

She produced another detailed report on a Southern Azerbaijani activist, Ferhad Mohseni Nigarstan, who was murdered while in the detention of the Iranian authorities:

29 May 2008

Summoned to the Revolutionary Court to be convened on 4 September 2008

Previous Activities

Since 2006

Constantly harassed by Iranian authorities:

July 2006

She suffered one month of imprisonment for taking part in the May 2006 Mass Protests, which swept throughout Southern Azerbaijani cities and towns:


She suffered 5 years of imprisonment, as a prisoner of conscience:


Table 3.a The translation of a Bulletin by Mrs. Qulami – published widely in Southern Azerbaijani websites including her own website:


Mrs. Shehnaz Qulami (Gholami), the writer of this news bulletin

(now she is a prisoner of conscience)



(Based on a proposal at the end of this report) I find it necessary to highlight a number of important points related to suspicious deaths of certain individuals who appear to have been murdered. It is appropriate to request all Azerbaijani activists to consider the following matter with particular attention. Over the last few years, lives of a considerable number of Azerbaijani activists have perished in road accidents or in other suspicious circumstances. Hence, this is neither the first nor the last time that such incidents are taking place. It is well known that many Azerbaijani activists have died in suspicious circumstances some of whom are detailed as follows:

·         Suspicious death of Professor Zehtabi in 1999, the most prominent contemporary historians and anthropologists of Azerbaijan and Iran, where international organisations referred to this episode as victims of the serial killings in the 1999s and condemned it for being implemented by security agents of the religious authorities holding the reign of power in Iran.

·         Mir-kazim Musevi, an [Southern] Azerbaijani activist and a renowned musician, was killed instantly in Kerej (Karaj) Highway in a suspicious looking truck accident.

·         Sehend Efshar, a young poet from Tebriz, died in 2003 as a result of an accident in a highway leading to Erdebil also with a cut in his throat.  It must be mentioned that in this suspicious accident, all of his companions, all employees of the Department of Finance in Tebriz, escaped unscathed.

·         Qadir Sediqi together with two of his friends were chased by security agents while on a motor bike. As a result of the accident, all three of them hit the ground and subsequently Qadir was killed on the spot due to the intensity of his injuries and bleeding. The other two were taken to a nearby hospital due to their injuries.

·         Nadir Musazade, another pro-identity activist, was killed in a highway towards Khoy together with his cousins.

·         Mehdi Talibi, (known as Albay Zenganli), a pro-identity [Southern] Azerbaijani activist, was killed in an accident with a motor car in Peykan Shehr Road.

·         Babek Nuri, a pro-identity activist from Keleyber, was killed in the highway to Eher, similar to Mr. Emani.

I find it necessary to briefly describe Mr Emani`s contribution to the ongoing struggle and the way he was killed.

It is crystal clear to all activists, inside the country or abroad, and even to the operative of the chauvinist Iranian security machinery that Mr Qulamrza Emani was one of the activists who created the impulse for setting up the political movement in [Southern] Azerbaijan and he was a motivating force.

He played an incomparable role in organising, many protests and political meetings. During his time in the university, he was known as one of the most effective and influential [Southern] Azerbaijani activists among the students. As he was a tolerant person, he was well respected by people of different backgrounds, particularly by young students. This was all the reason for the security agents to target him more than many others and constantly exert pressure on him and harass him by whatever means.

He was an engineer by profession and had a contracting company in Tebriz which specialized in creating green space. He was continually threatened with terminating his contracts. Furthermore, whenever the security department perceived the likelihood of a forthcoming protest, he was the first to be arrested and usually the last to be freed from detention.

Even at present, there is a number of court cases pressed against him by the Revolutionary Courts. When I interviewed him, he revealed that the authorities had not yet issued a definitive verdict against him for taking part in a demonstration in front of an Armenian establishment in 2004. On that account, he was detained in Evin prison and was kept in solitary confinement for a period of one month but was released on bail. He further stated that, the authorities had designed a number of other court cases, reminiscent of the Sword of Damokles, looming over his head. He was then warned that he would be arrested and imprisoned should he dare to take part in any protest on the ground of pre-prepared court cases.

By the virtue of his courage and formidable organising aptitude, as well as his originality, Mr Emani emerged as one of the impregnable individuals. This explains why the machinery of security agents drastically failed to undermine Mr. Emani’s resolve despite being equipped with the latest and most effective surveillance and military equipment and their trigger-happy mindset. This unravels his character that he was a person of exceptional abilities as despite the constant threat of torture, imprisonment, deprivation from educational and employment opportunities and being denied of the rights of citizenships, he never stopped yearning for freedom whatever the perils. He was under constant danger and therefore felt that he had to be on constant move like a gypsy. Enduring such harsh political turmoil had transferred him into an unbeatable and indestructible character.

During interrogations which also include physical and psychological tortures, most of the detainees are warned that if they refuse to cooperate after their temporary release, they can expect planned and deadly accidents. These were also the kinds of threats Mr Emani had received in many occasions. For this very reason, he had often warned his fellow activists and associates that they were all prone to planned accidents and that, after meetings they should avoid travelling together in the same vehicle in order not to fall victim for intentional incidents.

A few days before his fatal accident, Mr Emani’s personal documents, a considerable amount of his money and even his car had been stolen. It is of utmost importance that these matters are thoroughly investigated to discriminate between burglary and an act of theft by the vested interested of “dark forces” [the translator has paraphrased the writer’s message and therefore the writer is relieved of the responsibility for our interpretation]. It is imperative that the legal investigators do find out the direct and indirect relevance of such incidents to Mr Emani’s activities. Was Mr Emani’s car interfered intentionally with or for any other reason? What was the connection and ideological inclination of the driver of Khavar [Translator’s note: Khavar is the manufacturer’s name of truck] truck towards other groups.

Clearly, in accordance with the latest news displayed in Azerbaijani Students and 35000000 websites, the Khavar truck had collided from the rear of Mr Emani’s Peykan car [Translator’s note: Peykan is the manufacturer’s name] and surprisingly, the truck belonged to Sepah Pasdaran, [Translator’s note: Sepah refers to a notorious paramilitary forces at the heart of the Iranian government’s survival machinery]. Knowing that the truck reportedly overtook Mr. Emani’s car from the rear and belonged to the paramilitary Sepah organisation, then how these would affect your judgement?

After Mr Emani`s accident, and considering the intensity of his injuries and bleeding, it is of utmost importance to establish which individuals were involved in taking him to “Imam Riza (Reza) Hospital,” and what were the identities of the doctors and the nurses in charge of his treatment. What was the reason that security agents had entered the operating theatre without the permission of the doctors when he was under operation? Is this not good enough reason to accept that they had malicious intentions about late Mr Emani?

Why is it that Sada va Sima (National Iranian Television & Radio Broadcasting Organisation) in a rehearsed program quoted a story by an agent called Mr Yaquti who described the accident but without mentioning the names of the victims and recounted the tragedy of the massacre of Emani’s family in terms of an ordinary traffic accident. Is this falsified bulletin not a reflection of the pre-planned and rehearsed scenario?

Furthermore, it is told that, when Mr Emani went to the police station to lodge a complaint related to his stolen car, the same judge who had previously imprisoned him for five years, threatened him that, unless he abandons his pro-identity activities he would be responsible to their bitter consequences of his activities.  Is it not open to conjecture that the savage massacre of the Emani’s family was the actual realisation of the threat by Mr. Emani’s judge?

Let us not overlook one other similar threat that was made by security agents against a number of cultural activists during the funeral services of Mr. Emani. In this incident, security agents threatened a number of prominent activists in the same terms emphasising that every one of them could expect a similar fate.

Considering the above cases and issues, I am compelled to suggest the formation of a fact-finding mission to properly investigate the facts about these inhumane and cowardly acts of murder. The mission would include contributions from legal experts, Mr Emani’s fellows, and internal and external human rights organisations. The remit of this mission would include investigations on all matters relevant to the accident. The deliverable of the mission could be a report on the findings forwarded to relevant international organisations and reliable mass media. What is at stake is the truth and this must prevail by identifying the murderer or the murderers. If there is anything under the title of judicial justice, the identified perpetrators must not escape its terms.

Hoping for the realisation of judicial, economical and feminist justice in the planet Earth

Shehnaz Qulami (Shahnaz Gholami)

A member of Iranian Women Journalists Association - (ROZA)

Translator’s note:

Note 1: Where necessary the word (Southern) was added to the text, as in an international context this helps not to incriminate the Republic of Azerbaijan with the ill-deeds of the Iranian authorities. Generally, the word Azerbaijan in this communication is limited to Southern Azerbaijan. (There was a typo mistake in Note 1 in our General Communication 4: Ref 509/2008 on 17 November 2008, which read “this helps to incriminate”, whereas this is now corrected to “this helps not to incriminate”).

Note 2:  Names are transcribed into English based on their Azerbaijani scriptures and sometimes their Farsi-based transcription is quoted within a bracket.


Table 3.b The Source Document by Mrs. Shehnaz Qulami – published widely including her own website:

طرح يك موضوع فوق العاده مهم

 در اين قسمت از نوشتار حاضر ضروري مي دانم تا چندنكته بسيار مهم را در ارتباط با مرگ هاي شبه قتل ياد آور شوم و از همه فعالان بخواهم تا به موضوع عنوان شده توجه و دقت ويژه اي نشان دهند. در طي چند سال گذشته بسياري از دوستان ما در تصادفات جاده اي و يا سايرحوادث ساختگي كشته شده اند. و اين اولين باري نيست - و البته آخرين بار نيز نخواهد بود.- كه فعالان حركت ملي آذربايجان با مرگ هاي مشكوك شبه قتل به شهادت مي رسند،قبلا نيز چندين تن از فعالان حركت ملي با اينگونه اعمال ناجوانمردانه به قتل رسيده اندكه اسامي تعدادي از آنهابدين شرح است:

·   مرگ مشكوك "پروفسور ذهتابي" از بزرگترين تاريخ دانان و ملت شناسان معاصر ايران و آذربايجان كه از طرف نهادهاي بين المللي به عنوان مقتولان قتل هاي زنجيره اي سال 1378 شناخته شد و ماموران اطلاعاتي حاكميت سلطه مذهبي در ايران به دليل اقدام در آن، مجرم شناخته شدند.

·   "ميركاظم موسوي" از فعالان و موسيقي دانان مستعد و بنام آذربايجان كه در سال 1383 در جاده كرج به طرز مشكوكي با يك كاميون تصادف و در همان لحظه نيز كشته شد.

·   "سهند افشار" يكي از شاعران جوان اهل تبريز كه در سال 1384 به طرز مشكوكي در جاده اردبيل بر اثر واژگون شدن اتومبيل و بريدگي گلو در دم جان سپرد.

 لازم به ذكر است كه در اين سانحه مشكوك ‌هيچ آسيبي حتي به صورت جزيي به بقيه سرنشينان خودرو همكاران ايشان در كه از كاركنان اداره دارايي تبريز بودند وارد نشده بود.

·   "قادر صديقي" به همراه دو نفر  ديگر از دوستانش كه بر روي موتور سوار بودندتحت تعقيب نيروهاي اطلاعاتي قرار مي گيرند و در نتيجه اين تصادف مرگبار هر سه راكب موتور با زمين برخورد مي كنندبه گونه اي كه "قادر صديقي"دراثر شدت آسيب ديدگي و جراحات وارده دچار خونريزي بسيار شديدي مي شود و در همان لحظه جان خود را از دست مي دهد.و ديگر سرنشينان موتور نيز به علت مصدوميت شديد به بيمارستان منتقل مي گردند.

·   "نادر موسي زاده" از ديگر فعالان هويت خواه كه با پسر عموهايش در جاده خوي تصادف كرد و كشته شد.

·   "مهدي طالبي" ( آلپاي زنگانلي) از فعالان جنبش هويت خواهي آذربايجان كه در جاده پيكان شهر توسط يك ماشين سواري به قتل رسيد.

·   "بابك نوري" از فعالان جنبش هويت خواهي اهل كليبر كه كه همچون "آقاي مهندس اماني" در جاده اهر به تبريز كشته شد.

در مورد زندگي مبارزاتي و نيز نحوه كشته شدن ايشان  آقاي مهندس اماني توجه به اين نكات را لازم مي دانم:

اين موضوع براي همه فعالان داخل و خارج از كشور و حتي براي كاركنان رژيم شوونيستي حاكم در اداره اطلاعات واضح و مبرهن بوده و است كه آقاي مهندس غلامرضا اماني يكي از نيروهاي بسيار تاثيرگذار در ايجاد جريانات سياسي و اجتماعي حاضر در آذربايجان به شمارمي رفت.

او در ساماندهي بسياري از ميتينگ هاي سياسي و اعتراضي نقشي بينظير داشت. وي از زمان دانشجويي كه به عنوان يكي از برجسته ترين دانشجويان فعال هويت طلب مطرح بود تا به اكنون كه به صورت يك نيروي كار آمدسياسي موثر درآمده بود.در بين اقشار مختلف مردم نفوذي غير قابل انكار داشت و درعين حال به دليل مشي مداراگرايانه اي كه در مبارزات سياسي اش داشت. همه فعالان مدني به ويژه جوانان آذربايجاني به او گرايش نشان مي دادند و همين موضوعات باعث شده بود تا نيروهاي امنيتي و اطلاعاتي بيشتر از هر كس ديگري در آذربايجان او را تحت فشار و ضرب و شتم و محروميت هاي مختلف قرار دهند.

 او به علت اشتغال قراردادي اش در شركتي كه با آنجا براي ايجاد فضاي سبز در شهر تبريز كار مي كرد. همواره تهديد مي شد كه قراردادش را لغو خواهند كرد و از سوي ديگر وقتي كه نيروهاي امنيتي احتمال وقوع حركتي اعتراضي را مي دادند.قبل از همه او را دستگير مي كردند و در زماني هم كه دستگير مي شد معمولا همواره بعد از همه از زندان آزاد مي شد.

 حتي درحال حاضر نيز ايشان هنوز چند پرونده دردادگاه هاي انقلاب دارد به طوريكه خودش در مصاحبه اي كه با او داشتم اعلام داشته بود.كه هنوز حكم قطعي او - كه به دليل شركتش در مراسم اعتراضي سال 1383 در مقابل خليفه گري تهران انجام داده بود و به خاطر آن نزديك به يك ماه در سلول هاي انفرادي زندان اوين محبوس شده و به قيد وثيقه آزاد شده بود.- صادر نشده است و علاوه بر  اين  ايشان اظهار مي كردند كه چندين پرونده ديگر نيز در اداره اطلاعات و امنيت برايش مطرح كرده اند و آنها را همچون شمسير داموكس بر پشت گردن او نگاه داشته اند تا اگربخواهد به اقدام اعتراضي دست بزند قبل از هر اقدامي او را به اتهامات از پيش ساخته و پراخته شده به زندان بيافكند.

جسارت بالا و قدرت مقاومت و نيز نيروي جريان سازبودن مهندس اماني او را به صورت عنصري مهارنشدني در آورده بود و براي همين عليرغم اينكه نيروهاي امنيتي كه همواره براي انجام هر عمليات سركوبگرايانه اي خود را تا بن دندان مسلح به انواع تسليحات جاسوسي و نظامي مي كنند.دربرخورد با ايشان واقعاً عاجز شده بودند.

چرا كه او ايستاده مردي بود.كه نه شكنجه ،‌نه زندان ، نه محروميت از تحصيل و اشتغال و نه عدم بهره مندي از حداقل حقوق شهروندي نمي توانست او را از صعود بر فراز خطرناكترين صخره هاي رهايي بازدارد.او همواره اهل خطر كردن بود و براي همين نيز درست احساس كسي را داشت كه در حال كوچ كردن باشد و تحمل چنين شرايط سختي در زندگي مبارزاتي و سياسي اش او را به قهرماني روئين تن بدل كرده بود.

بسياري از دستگيرشدگان در هنگام بازجويي و  شكنجه هاي روحي و جسمي كه نسبت به آنها اعمال مي شود.ازطرف بازجويان تهديد مي شوند كه در صورت عدم همكاري با آنها بعد از رهايي موقت از چنگال دژخيماني آنها   ديگر همكاران اطلاعاتي آنها با حوادث مر گبار ساختگي دگر انديشان و مخالفان سياسي را هلاك خواهند كرد. چنانكه بارها آقاي اماني رانيز اين چنين تهديد كرده بودند.به همين دليل نيز ايشان به دوستان همفكر و نزديكشان تاكيد مي كردندكه چنين تصادفاتي مي توانندبراي هر تك تك ما اتفاق بيافتد و بارها بعد از اتمام برنامه هايي كه داشتيم. تاكيد مي ورزيدندكه هيچ وقت به طوره چند نفره نبايد سوار خودرو  شويم و هميشه سفارش مي كردندتا براي اجنتاب از خطرات احتمالي به صورت انفرادي مسافرت كنيم و تنها در نقاطي كه لازم است با هم باشيم ،تجمع داشته باشيم.

چند روز قبل از وقوع اين تصادف شوم ،مدارك شخصي ، آقاي مهندس اماني و نيز مبلغ قابل توجهي پول ،تعدادي چك ،سفته و اسناد ديگر و حتي خودرو ايشان به سرقت رفته بود.كه لازم است ،مشخص شود اين قضيه از سوي چه كساني و نيزبه نفع چه كساني اتفاق افتاده است؟! و اين مسئله از نظركارشناسان محترم حقوقي كه لازم است تا به قضيه پرونده مهندس اماني رسيدگي كنند چه ارتباط مستقيم يا غيرمستقيمي مي تواند با اين مسئله داشته باشد؟!

آيا اتومبيل حامل آقاي مهندس اماني به طور تعمدي و يا به هر دليل ديگر دستكار نشده بود؟

راننده خاور كه موجب به هلاكت رسيدن سه نفر شده است از نظرتيپ فكري با كدام يك از گروه هاي اجتماعي مي تواند ارتباط داشته باشد؟ البته با توجه به آخرين اخبار منتشرشده در"سايت دانشجويان آذربايحاني" و نيز "سايت 35 ميليون"در اين مورد كه كاميون خاور، پيكان حامل آقاي مهندس اماني را از عقب مورد اصابت قرار داده است و اين كاميون متعلق به سپاه پاسداران مي باشد تا چه اندازه مي تواند در نحوه قضاوت ما تاثير بگذارد؟

زماني كه آقاي مهندس اماني مجروح مي شوند با توجه به شدت ضرب ديدگي ايشان و خونريزي شديدي كه داشته اندچه كساني ايشان را به بيمارستان امام رضا منتقل مي كنند و در بيمارستان كدام يك از پرستاران يا پزشكان مسئوليت جاني ايشان را به عهده داشته اند؟نيروهاي اطلاعاتي كه گفته شده است.بدون اجازه پزشكان مربوطه به اطاق عمل بيمارستان واردشده اند به چه منظور اقدام به اين كار كرده اند؟ آيا اين اقدام آنها به منظور  مورد سوء‌ قصد قرار دادن آقاي اماني  انجام نگرفته است؟

چرا صدا و سيما در يك سناريوي از قبل طراحي شده به نقل از ماموري به نام ياقوتي اقدام به توضيح حادثه تصادف بدون ذكر نام مقتولان مي كند و فاجعه قتل عام كشتار خانواده اماني را تنها يك حادثه ترافيكي كاملا عادي عنوان مي كند آيا اين نحوه غلط اطلاع رساني همان ادامه سناريوي جنايت از پيش طراحي شده نبوده است؟

در ضمن باز گفته شده است كه وقتي آقاي اماني براي پيگيري سرقت اشياء مسروقه خود به دادگاه ميروند قاضي كه در گذشته او را به 5 سال حبس محكوم كرده بود. او را تهديد مي كندكه اگر به فعاليت هاي هويت خواهانه خود ادمه بدهد.بايد پاسخگويي عواقب تلخ آن نيز باشد، آيا اين اقدام وحشيانه در كشتار خانواده آقاي اماني ،تحقق همان تهديداتي نيست كه قاضي آقاي اماني وعده آن را به او مي دهد؟ 

موضوع ديگر كه در زمان برگزاري مراسم به خاك سپاري اتفاق افتاد،تهديدي بود كه از سوي ماموران امنيتي در رابطه با فعالان مدني صورت مي گرفت. به اين معنا كه آنها چند تن از چهره هاي برجسته حركت ملي را تهديد كرده اندكه از اين گونه تصادفات ساختگي مي تواند براي تك تك آنها اتفاق بيفتد و دير و يا زود خود را براي مواجه با آن آماده نمايند.

 با توجه به موارد و موضوعاتي كه عنوان گرديد.لازم مي دانم تا براي بررسي دقيق و كارشناسانه اين حادثه فجيع ، غير انساني و ناجوانمردانه،"كميته حقيقت ياب"از طرف كارشناسان حقوقي و دوستان همفكر آقاي مهندس اماني و نيز نهادهاي حقوق بشر در داخل و خارج از كشور تشكيل شود و اين كميته  در موردنحوه وقوع حادثه و كم و كيف آن تحقيق كرده و گزارش نهايي آن را در اختيار نهادهاي بين المللي و رسانه هاي مردمي قرار دهدتا حقيقت موضوع به اثبات رسيده و قاتل يا قاتلين موردشناسايي قرار بگيرند و اگر چيزي به نام عدالت قضايي وجود دارد؟! در مورد مجرمان پرونده به اجراء‌ در آيد.

   با اميد به تحقق

عدالت قضايي ،اقتصادي ،جنسيتي

در سياره زمين  

Shehnaz Gholami - شهناز غلامی
Iranian Women Journalists Association - (ROZA)
عضو انجمن روزنامه نگاران زن ایران - رزا



Table 4.a    Update on Communication 1 – Translation of the Verdict Related to Communication 1: Ref 463/2007 on 6 September 2007


Please note that the yellow highlights are by the traslator

Emblem of the judiciary

Case number: 1541-86/1

Verdict number: 673-87/6/14

Judicial Department: Court number 1 of Islamic Revolutionary Court in Tebriz

Defendant: Shehnaz Qulami, fathers name: Qulamrza Qulami

Defending lawyers: Mr Seyyid Mehammed-Eli Dadkhah and Ms Hejer Sebbaghian

Address: 1- Tabriz, Quds Street, Kooye Qayim, Mehdi Cul-de-Sac, Number37

Lawyers Address: Tehran, Vali Esr Street, Nader Road, Sakhteman Rad, Rad Legal Institute

Charge: Propaganda against the holy Islamic Republic of Iran

Current Status: After receiving the dossier, filing it under above numbers and performing the appropriate legalities, conclusion of the hearing is hereby confirmed and the final verdict in issued as follows:

                                                           The verdict

With reference to the accusations of Ms Shehnaz Qulami, daughter of Late Qulamrza Qulami, presented by defending lawyers, seyyid Mehemmed-Eli Dadkhah and Ms Hejar Sebbaghian concerning her activities relating to making propaganda against the holy Islamic Republic of Iran, detail of her activities and the relevant verdict are stated as follows:

According to the report issued by the Department of Intelligence in Eastern Azerbaijan, MS Qulami is accused of:                                                                                                                                           

Participation in the gathering for Freedom movement attempting to cause emotional excitement.             

Participation in the unlawful gatherings in Tebriz on 23 August 2006.

In accordance with the statement made by the accused at presence of the judge, she admitted to her participation in the marches of 22 May 2006.When searching her office, a number of her articles were discovered which contained the following matters:

In the first page of an article under the headline of “Clarification of incidents in Azerbaijan during May  2006 protests” She stated that “hopefully, this article has outlined the plight of heroic nation of Azerbaijan, amid the grim political atmosphere. Many days have gone since 22nd May 2006 and still a large number of our friends and compatriots who accompanied us hand-in-hand in numerous gatherings and remembrance ceremonies for Baghir Khan, Settar Khan, Semed Behrengi and the others. We all suffered beatings and now a great majority of them are in the terrifying prisons of the Islamic regime where their crime is nothing but yearning for justice, freedom, achieving democracy and national identity.”

In the first page of another article under the heading: “8th March and Women’s movement” she states that, in most countries and particularly in our country where men’s domination in social and governmental levels are prevalent, differences in wages, wealth, power, and legal inequalities under comparable circumstances are apparent. Our women are suffering under poverty, pressure, unpaid depressing house work; being treated like sexually-abused and exploited merchandise and   lacking the rights to social security. Brutality threatens all of us, be it inside or outside the country.”

Page 110 of the dossier, under the heading of “Exclusivity and its outcome in social and political unrest” states: “Ruling of a minority without support of the majority”. Publications are banned for meaningless excuses, websites are filtered and the Islamic ruling regime, considers itself as an authority which does not deserve any kind of criticism. Freedom fighters, writers and representatives of public media are sent to prisons.” 

Page 130 of the dossier indicates: In a report under the heading of “Legendary Peaceful Presence of the Nation of Azerbaijan in 22 May 2006 it says: Today, 22 May 2006, people of Azerbaijan marched to the streets in their aspirations for freedom and democracy in a great and independent Azerbaijan, or achieving a federative system for all of Iran’s ethnic populations.”

Referring to page 131 of the dossier, in a 13 page letter which the defendant wrote in order to become a member of the Freedom Movement Organisation, she highlighted a few of her experiences during her 4 year imprisonment (pages 160 to 172 of the dossier).

During the hearing, the defendant stated that she had entered the above matters in her personal website and that, any one interested could access and make printouts of its contents.

Therefore, considering the reports issued by the Provincial Department of Information, discovery of articles relevant to propaganda against the holy Islamic Republic of Iran from her home, and her lawyer’s unacceptable defences and in accordance with Article 500 of the Islamic Penal Code she has been found guilty and sentenced as follows:

Six months imprisonment including the period she has spent under detention.

This verdict was issued to the defendant in person and is permitted to make a request for a retrial in the highly esteemed Islamic Courts in East Azerbaijan Province

Signature of the director of First Islamic Revolutionary Court in Tebriz.


Table 4.b: Originals of the Verdict Passed on Mrs. Qulami by the Iranian Authorities


Azərbaijani Turkic

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