No.: 447/ 2007

Date: 5 March 2007

 

The Office of High Commissioner for Human Rights, Geneva, please circulate this report to:

·   The Working Group on Arbitrary Detention (also for Fair Trials)

·   The Independent Expert on Minority Issues

·   Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance

CC          Mrs. Harrison, Amnesty International, London

                UNESCO and other organisations

Dear Sir/madam

Please find enclosed Release 2 of our report on the various initiatives by the nation of Southern Azerbaijan to celebrate International Mother Language Day on 21 February 2007.

The report pools together various information items and aims to project an insight into the ongoing events in the context of the national movement of Southern Azerbaijan and contribute to the mapping of the mindset of the culture of the Iranian racism.

International Mother Language Day should have been a celebration day but the Iranian authorities unwisely turned it into the day of violation of human rights. We urge your organisations and other similar ones to document how the Iranian authorities are perpetrating human rights of the nation of Southern Azerbaijan. We hope that you will step up your campaign to ensure the unconditional release of the Southern Azerbaijani victims; and to call the Iranian authorities to comply with their international obligations towards the nation of Southern Azerbaijan.

Thank you in advance for your care.

Yours sincerely

Boyuk Resuloglu

The Committee for the Defence of the Rights of World Azerbaijanis

 

The Iranian authorities denied the right of association for the population of Tebriz, the capital of Southern Azerbaijan, despite a reported official licence. However, the following day, the activist used the occasion of a football match and stage protests within the football stadium and outside, all the way from the stadium to the city centre. A glimpse of protests may be viewed through the following link: http://www.azadtribun.net/Dekoment37.wmv

REPORT:

 

THE CELEBRATION OF THE MOTHER LANGUAGE DAY

IN SOUTHERN AZERBAIJAN

UNDER THE IRON FIST OF IRANIAN AUTHORITIES

 

List of Contents

1.                        Introduction

2.                        Embracing the Mother Tongue Day by the Nations of Southern Azerbaijan

3.                        Preparations for Rallies

3.1       Publicising Celebrating to Minimise Surprises

3.2       Scale of the Preparations

3.3       Conferences

3.4       Canvassing the Authorities

3.5       Rallying if it means hunger strike

4.                        Repressive Acts by Iranian Authorities in Advance of the Day of Celebration

4.1       Repressive Acts

4.2       Suppressive Acts

4.3       Persecution of Journals and Journalist

4.4       Mischievous Provocation Acts

5.                        The Aftermath before the Dusts Settled

5.1       The Start of the Day

5.2       Solid Turnout in Urmu

5.2.1    Satellite Cities of Urmu: Sulduz

5.2.2    Satellite Cities of Urmu: Qoshachay

5.2.3    Satellite Cities of Urmu: Khoy

5.3       Zengan, the Hinterland of Southern Azerbaijan as ever

5.4       The Awakening National Consciousness in Hemedan and Qum

5.5       Erdebil and its Satellites

5.7       Tebriz Can never be silenced

5.8       Persecution of Journals and Journalists

6.            And Yet Arrests and More Arbitrary Detentions

7.            Concluding Remark

Compiled by DunAzHAK

Hesen Erk

A journalist, writer and thinker, who has also suffered the arrest in the ongoing preparation for celebrating the Mother Tongue day

Seid Metinpur

A renowned Southern Azerbaijani human right defender and an arduous defender of the mother language

Ibrahim Jeferzade

Activist

Hesen Esedi

Activist

Atila Derjezini

Activist

Ismail Javadi

A journalist

Huseyn Sebebi

Activist

1.     Introduction

This is Release 2 of the report on the celebration of the International Mother Language Day by the nation of Southern Azerbaijan, defying the racist policies of the Islamic Republic of Iran, currently ruling Southern Azerbaijan.

The dust is settling of the whirlwind created out of the intolerance of the racist policies waged by the Islamic Republic of Iran even in celebrating the harmless day of Mother Language. This day is really regarded as the day of celebration but we provide evidence that in Iran the authorities have turned such a benign day into the season of persecution and repression.

Iranian racism is an ongoing process for some 80 years and Southern Azerbaijanis resisted it first by advocating democracy for Iran up to 20 years ago. Events keep verifying that the entity under the auspices of Iran comprising the government and NGOs are not really interested in the interests of Azerbaijan but are engaged in undermining the enterprise, called Azerbaijan (north or south). Southern Azerbaijanis have been rethinking their position and are now putting up a stiff resistance to defend the national and human rights of Southern Azerbaijan within the framework of international law and conventions particularly within the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The emerging Southern Azerbaijani national movement has always been careful not to violate Iranian laws and the movement conducts its initiative within legal frameworks.

The Mother Language Day confirmed the beat rate of the will of the nation of Southern Azerbaijan, as another springtide, showing that the underlying movement is a strong current. The experience since the May 2006 Mass Protests show that each time, there are new individuals willing to show up in the rank-and-file of the activists. This is a spontaneous movement with the mass of Southern Azerbaijanis being its source.

This report has the following structure:

·         Chapter 2: as before, providing a background to the celebration of the Mother Language Day in Southern Azerbaijan.

·         Chapter 3: A reflection of the nationwide celebration plans

·         Chapter 4: Repressive acts of the authorities of the Islamic Republic of Iran

·         Chapter 5: A new chapter reflecting the situation in the various towns and cities before the dust is settled

·         Chapter 6: conclusion

A Release 3 of this report has been envisaged to reflect on the aftermath of the situation.

 

2.         Embracing the Mother Tongue Day by the Nations of Southern Azerbaijan

We are providing you the translation of an article on this issue by Mr. Elirza Serrafi in Table 1, which is concise and authoritative.

Table 1            English Translation of the Article by Elirza Serrafi

                                                Source: http://www.baybak.com/Baybak/?p=4821 or http://www.azadtabriz.com/news/?p=2093          

                        Mr. Serrafi is a successful engineer by profession and one of the intellectual vanguards of the national movement of Southern Azerbaijan

Mr. Serrafi calls the Tebriz conference for the International Mother Language Day (2004) as a golden page in the history of Southern Azerbaijan. This report is a testimony to his vision. He also has a stark warning:

“History has proven that a civil nation insisting on her national rights through self-restraint and peaceful means is also capable of securing them using other means when the time is right to confront the enemy.”

This report also provides evidence from Tebriz in 2007 that if the authorities suppressed the celebration on the 21st of February, the people used the opportunity of a football match to orchestrate a protest of 30,000 strong. So Mr. Serrafi’s warning should not be interpreted as securing our rights through violence but definitely through strategic manoeuvres.

February 21st was declared the international day of mother tongues eight years ago by the UNESCO. Many countries have been celebrating this day since then. As far as we are concerned, our nation too strives to express their love to our mother tongue but is faced with constraints imposed by the officials. They have mobilised all their resources for a number of years to ensure that such a momentous day could not be aired through the media and would be totally hidden. This is disgrace to them.

Thanks to teamwork of a great many compatriots, the city of Tebriz hosted the very first mother tongue conference on 21st of February 2004. The participants were drawn from the every corner of Southern Azerbaijan, including Urmu, Khoy, Maragha, Zenjan, Erdebil, as well from Tehran and Kerej. One of the accomplishments of the Conference was its rich communiqué. It articulated the reinstatement of our rights to our language based on the United Nations conventions; was unanimously approved by the conference; and within as little as one week, the Communiqué was undersigned by three thousand three hundred and thirty three (3333) individuals. It was published in four languages and was delivered to all responsible authorities within the country, as well as to the UNESCO and the United Nations. In this way, the first Conference and its Communiqué were transformed into the golden pages of our national movement.

In spite of obstacles created against the second and third Conferences in 2005 and 2006, the day was celebrated throughout our cities stressing that our people are defiant and shall preserve our national rights. Nonetheless, our rulers carried on with their indulgence to ignore the peaceful strive of our honourable nation.

If the shackling against our nation was induced eighty years ago by aliens, there is no abatement of the onslaught since then—instead of opening the channels for dialogue, the authorities keep distorting the situation and are getting pig-headed with their incompetent policies. We keep asking questions out of our sincerity, but they respond behind closed doors.

It is hardly surprising that, our nation did not fit the space of conference halls or the reception of their houses to preserve our mother tongue and therefore poured to the streets challenging rotten policies in an arena as vast as Southern Azerbaijan. In this way, another golden page was written in the history of our national movement. I argue that this episode shall be regarded as a classical normative movement in the history of our national movement, and I dare to say that it will mark a paradigm shift too at the international level.

 

It may be that tomorrow will be too late. The masters reigning from the upper echelons and engaged in demeaning our nation, should open their ears, and should dare to listen to the just voice of the Turkic citizens. History has proven that a civil nation insisting on her national rights through self-restraint and peaceful means is also capable of securing them using other means when the time is right to confront the enemy.

Our nation is distinguished internationally for a stiff resistance in safeguarding our mother tongue whatever casualties it may suffer. If we consider the extent of our losses in the following terms: only sixty years ago our struggle for our mother tongue some twenty five thousands (25,000) [Translator’s Note: This is due to the invasion of Southern Azerbaijan by Iranian Army] of our sons and daughters suffered death; thus we can talk of one casualty per day.

The substance of our claim for our mother tongue has therefore been gained at the expense of one casualty per day, as a result of which I hold that even if the Day of Mother Tongue is truly an International day, we embrace it as our national day of celebration.

The English Version of the Resolution by the First Tebriz Congress on Mother Tongue

Resolution Adopted on the Occasion of

The First Congress on Mother Language

(Note: the text is slightly refined here compared with the published text two years ago)

The undersigned, participants in the First Congress on Mother Language held on the occasion of the International Mother Language Day in Tebriz on the 21st of February 2004, with due respect of the:

·      International Declaration of Human Rights,

  • Convention on The Political and Civil Rights, 
  • Convention on The Economic, Social and Cultural Rights adopted by the United Nations

and with due consideration of:

·    The Convention on National, Racial, Linguistic and Religious Rights adopted by the United Nations on 18 December 1992, ref. 47/135

·         Article 15 and 19 of the Constitution of The Islamic Republic of Iran (so far not translated into action)

·         The fact that, two thirds of the Iranian population belong to various cultural and linguistic groups such as Turkic, Kurdish, Arabic, Lori, Turkmenish, Balouchi etc.

demand that the esteemed leaders of the Islamic Republic of Iran provide convenient judicial, economical and spiritual circumstances for achieving the following objectives:

1.      Setting up mother language courses in elementary and intermediate levels.

2.      Utilising the mother languages in radio, television and local as well as in the country-scale media in proportion to the ethnic make-up of the regions.

3.      Establishing civil and cultural institutions by the State in order to protect, revive and develop the various languages and cultures, and also supporting the NGO's involved with such activities.

4.      Respecting the language, religion, historical names, costumes and traditions of all nationalities within Iran, and creating favourable conditions for them to learn about the spiritual, cultural and historical values of all fellow citizens.

5.      Removing bureaucratic obstacles to facilitate establishment of social and political organisations (local as well as country-scale) who are devoted to defending the rights of nations.

6.      Challenging the ongoing chauvinist ideology remaining from the past regime, which is committed to assimilating all nationalities within a single language and culture, and which still retains some persistence to date through the State policymaking machinery.

We also plea to The United Nations and the UNESCO to canvass the Iranian government in any initiative towards the reinstatement of civil, cultural and linguistic rights of the nationalities within Iran, and also in defending mother languages.

First Congress on The Mother Language

21 February 2004,

Tebriz, Azerbaijan, Iran

The signatories (consisting 333 authors and intellectuals)

Cc: The United Nations

Cc: UNESCO

 

3.Preparations for Rallies

Although activists of the national movement of Southern Azerbaijan keenly applied for licences to peaceful rallies throughout Southern Azerbaijan, inside stories indicated that the authorities of the Islamic Republic of Iran had ordered their subservient local agents not to ratify these applications by acting obstructively. Apparently one group had obtained a licence in Tebriz but it was not honoured by the authorities. Besides widespread arrests, the authorities militarised streets and city squares not only in Tebriz but all over Southern Azerbaijani cities. These will be discussed in Chapter 4.

The national movement demonstrably insists on the rights granted by international law and conventions and therefore well publicised the will of the nation on celebrating the day at a nationwide scale. Therefore various groups and cultural associations issued statements calling for street rallies. Some of the initiatives are outlined below.

3.1  Publicising Celebrating to Minimise Surprises

CDs and leaflets were distributed to introduce the day and publicise its significance and relevance. Three examples are given in Table 2. There is nothing unique on these initiatives in democratic countries but the situation is much different for none-Farsi speakers ruled by “Farsi-loving” Iranian authorities.

 

Table 2            Examples of Leaflets  Distributed before the Day of Mother Tongue

                        Source: http://azoh.blogfa.com/post-130.aspx

Example 1, Source: http://azoh.blogfa.com/post-125.aspx

s

Example 2: A Leaflet in Azerbaijani Turkic

Example 3: A Leaflet in Farsi

3.2  Scale of the Preparations

There were calls almost from all the Southern Azerbaijani cities for demonstrations, many of which were aired from GunAzTV (Southern Azerbaijani TV broadcasting from the USA). These were published in various websites, e.g. http://oyrenci.mihanblog.com/Rss.ASPX. The cities with well publicised demonstrations include: Urmu, Khoy, Qoshachay, Sulduz, Zenjan, Erdebil, Khiyov, and Tebriz. These are examples and by no means exhaustive. An example of the call for demonstrations is given in Table 3.

 

Table 3    An example of the call for demonstrations: Source: http://www.azerbaycansesi.com/news/bugun2R.htm

 

به مناسبت روز جهاني زبان مادري و در اعتراض به آپارتايد فرهنگي رژيم ايران نسبت به ملتهاي غير فارس زبان و در جهت مبارزه براي آزادي در تمامي آذربايجان، تظاهرات گسترده در داخل شهرها و ميادين اصلي شهرها برگزار خواهد گرديد.

2 اسفند برابر با 21 فوريه روز جهاني زبان مادري گرامي باد .

در اکثر شهرهاي آذربايجان بيانيه­هاي حضور در خيابانهاي اصلي شهرها پخش گرديده است  و آذربايجان آمادگي کامل براي برگزاري روز جهاني زبان مادري را به صورت گسترده دارد.

زمان و مکان برپايي تجمعات در برخي از شهرها به شرح زير مي­باشد:

تبريز: چهارشنبه 2 اسفند85 ، ساعت 4بعد از ظهر، راستا کوچه

اروميه: چهارشنبه2 اسفند85،  ساعت  بعد از ظهر 4:30، ميدان مرکز

اردبيل: چهار شنبه 2 اسفند85،   ساعت 4:30  بعد از ظهر،  مابين ميدان شريعتي و چهارراه امام

زنجان: چهارشنبه- 2/11/85- ساعت16- سبزه ميدان

خوي: چهارشنبه 2 اسفند 85، ساعت 5:30 بعد از ظهر، خيابان امام (محله خياباني)، سر خيابان سينا

خييوو: چهارشنبه2 اسفند، 85 ساعت 4:30، ميدان اصلي شهر

قوشاچاي(مياندواب): چهار شنبه 2 اسفند85،   ساعت 4:30  بعد از ظهر، چهارراه اصلي شهر

لازم به ذکر است در شهرهاي تهران، شبستر، اهر، مراغه، ماکو، خلخال، مرند... نيز اعلاميه­هاي حضور در خيابان و تظاهرات بر عليه آپارتايد فرهنگي پخش شده است و شنيده­ها حکايت از تدارک گسترده مردم براي حضور در 2 اسفند دارد

 

3.3  Conferences

Organising conferences and parties, for instance due to collaboration between the Sehend Literary Society, the Islamic Society and the Centre for Publicising (Southern) Azerbaijan successfully presented a conference on 19 February 2007 in Tebriz University. (Source: http://www.baybak.com/Baybak/?p=4831). Further conferences were also held in Zengan and Tehran Universities in the morning of 21 February 2007.

3.4  Canvassing the Authorities

The main characteristic of the Southern Azerbaijani national movement is fermenting an open culture of debate and campaign and on this the role of petitions, appeals and open letters are commendable despite the atmosphere of suppression. An example of open letter is presented below from a journalist to canvass the Iranian General Secretary of the Commission in the UNESCO on Nationalities. We are not aware of any subsequent response. At the same time we would like to contrast it with the way the day was received in the Republic of Azerbaijan. These are presented in Table 4.

 

Table 4   Appeal of Southern Azerbaijani journalist to the Iranian General Secretary of the Commission of UNESCO on Nationalities

              Source: http://www.baybak.com/Baybak/?p=4878                    

Umid Shukri, is a Southern Azerbaijani journalist and the editor-in-charge of Sayan, a student publication. Congratulations on the success for winning his recent awards for Sayan. Source: http://www.baybak.com/Baybak/?p=4920

 

To the Iranian General Secretary of the Commission of UNESCO on Nationalities

Dear Dr. Mohammed Tavakkoli,

We wish to bring to your attention that since the naming the 21st February 1999, as the International Mother Language Day, it is celebrated all over the world but we have the following question to you. Although Iran took part in that meeting and undersigned the outcome, why is this day not celebrated in Iran and not even mentioned in the calendar, to the extent that the existence of this day is denied? It is regrettable that the news even related to the International Mother Language Day is not covered in your Internet website either. Inevitably, you are unaware of the existence of this day.

We therefore attach the message by Mr. Iran Koïchiro Matsuura in English and its Farsi translation in relation to the International Mother Language Day in 2007 to inform you and your colleagues of the existence of this day. Now that you are informed of this day, we hope you will then prepare provisions for the celebration of the International Mother Language day in 21 February 2008. As you know, Iran is a multilingual country and Farsi is not the only language of discourse. Mother Language of every individual is the dearest thing and all your efforts to preserve Farsi must be replicated in preserving the mother languages of other nations and ethnics.

We find it surprising that you have overlooked this important day whilst the most important objective of the High Commission of UNESCO on Nationalities is related to publicising policymaking and approval of plans. Yet you have demonstrably overlooked all your obligations for the celebration of the International Mother Language Day with no publicity given to this day, or perhaps … Why you have not done anything at all for the celebration of this day whilst you have 20 active Commissions?

We hope that you will pay attention to the cases described here and ensure the right conditions for celebrating the International Mother Language Day in the coming years. Your Commission will hopefully steer away from politics and the ruling chauvinistic mindset.

Undersigned by Umid Shukri

Sayan, Independent Student Publications

 

Compare the above with the approach taken in the Republic of Azerbaijan

Excerpts form the report: http://www.today.az/news/society/36962.html

…  To commemorate this day a roundtable discussion was organized at the Baku Ataturk Centre with participation by representatives of the Azerbaijani Parliament, the Ministry of Education as well as the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, civil society representatives, linguists and other prominent personalities representing Azerbaijani academic circle and the NGO community, to highlight the value of languages – both as means of communication and as an expression of culture and identity.

… …

Mr. Agababa Ibrahimov, head a department in the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Azerbaijan, gave a brief overview of the situation of bilingual and trilingual schools in Azerbaijan. In addition to Azerbaijani, Russian and Georgian schools, there are 400 schools for groups such as Avar, Lezgin, Tsachur, Talysh, Kurd and Ingiloy where children are given the opportunity follow the elementary school curriculum in their own language.”

3.5  Rallying if it means hunger strike

Mr Hidayet Zakir (Arazli) and his wife Mrs. Ulduz Arazli pledged to a hunger strike to publicise the cause for mother tongue. See Table 4.

Table 4 Mr. Hidayet Zakir (Arazli) and his wife Mrs. Ulduz Arazli underwent hunger strike

Source: GunAzTV and http://www.35000000.com/habergoruntule.asp?bolum=243&katid=48

Mr Hidayet Zakir (Arazli) and his wife Mrs. Ulduz Arazli pledged to a hunger strike. See Table 3. towards publicising the unacceptable status of the mother tongue of the 30 million Southern Azerbaijanis. They issued a communiqué detailing the sufferings of the nation of Southern Azerbaijan inflicted by the Iranian racist policies. They insist that the Azerbaijani Turkic language must be the language of education throughout Azerbaijani educational institutions all the way through and including higher educations in the universities. Mr. Hidayet Zakir himself is a teacher by profession.

 

4.         A Glimpse of Repressive Acts by Iranian Authorities in Advance of the Day of Celebration

With the benefit of the hindsight, it is clear that the Iranian authorities never had good intention to bless the International Mother Tongue Day.  Next chapter presents the events as they rolled out during and just after the Day but this chapter presents the raft of ploys used by the Iranian authorities to deter Southern Azerbaijanis. They include the following.

4.1  Repressive Acts

Table 5 outlines the basic details of the individuals who were arrested. The residual victims suffering detentions will be detailed in Chapter 6.

 

Table 5  Individuals Arrested or Arbitrarily Detained before the 21st of February

No.

Name

City

Source

1

Hesen Esedi                   

Erdebil

http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-346.aspx

2

Huseyn Mehemmedi       

Erdebil/Tebriz

http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-339.aspx

3

Peyman Bəhrami              

Erdebil/Tebriz

http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-339.aspx

4

Davud Mehemmedi

Erdebil/Tebriz

http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-339.aspx

5

Ibrahim Jeferzade

Khoy

http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-340.aspx

6

Eli Ebdullahi (already tortured)

Qum (Qom)

http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-352.aspx

7

Jefer Abidini, see also below

Qum

http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-352.aspx

8

Ibrahim Kazimi

Qum

http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-352.aspx

9

Mehdi Movlai, see also below

Qum

http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-352.aspx

10

Mesud Pejman

Qum

http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-352.aspx

11

A name yet to be established

Qum

http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-352.aspx

12

Rza Derjezini

Qum

http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-351.aspx

13

Yusuf Suleymani

Qum

http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-353.aspx

14

Behzad Xorshidzade          

Shebuster

http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-342.aspx

15

Perviz Sultani                 

Shebuster

http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-342.aspx

16

Qehreman Sultani

Shebuster

http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-342.aspx

17

Hesen Erk

Tebriz

http://asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/2007/02/blog-post.html#links

18

A client of Mr. Erk was also arrested in his work place

Tebriz

http://asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/2007/02/blog-post.html#links

19

Yunus Zarei

Tebriz

http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-343.aspx

20

Behnam Nur Mehemmedi

Urmu

http://asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/2007/02/blog-post.html#links

21

Ebulfezl Alilu

Urmu

http://asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/2007/02/blog-post.html#links

22

Ehmed Qureyshi

Urmu

http://asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/2007/02/blog-post.html#links

23

Ismaiyl Javadi

Urmu

http://asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/2007/02/blog-post.html#links

24

Jefer Huseyni kiya

Urmu

http://asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/2007/02/blog-post.html#links

25

Meherrem Huseyni kiya

Urmu

http://asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/2007/02/blog-post.html#links

Two of the individuals in Table 5 (i.e. 1: Mehdi Movlai, and 2: Jefer Abidini) are known to be forced to drink poisonous liquid, after which they have suffered from vomiting (http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-351.aspx). This deplorable act was known to be inflicted in the past but the names of the victims were not known. Now this evidence is in hand.

4.2  Suppressive Acts

·         Obstructing the applications for licence to celebrate the day, as discussed in Chapter 4.

·         It has been reported in Azerbaijani websites that up to 100 activists were summoned by Iranian authorities in the Southern Azerbaijani city of Eher, see http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/.  The authorities have forced these activists to sign a statement that they will not take part in the planned meetings in Tebriz and the provincial capitals of Southern Azerbaijani province of Urmu, Zenjan and Erdebil. It has also been reported that Mr. Saleh Molla-Abbasi and others have vehemently refused to comply with these coercions.

·         A clear expression of animosity towards the mother tongue of Southern Azerbaijani book. Once evidence is presented in Table 6, the Case of intimidating Mrs. Zohre Vefai

Table 6  Mrs. Zohre Vefai is intimidated for selling books in her mother tongue

              Source of in formation: http://www.baybak.com/Baybak/?p=4800

Mrs. Zohre Vefai is a veteran of the Southern Azerbaijani national movement. She is a publisher by profession and the manager of a Bookshop, called Zeyneb Pasha. It is reported that she was threatened recently by Colonel Mohammad zade warning her in Farsi that “if you do not stop selling Turkic books in your shop, which are illegal, I will shut it down and put an official seal to it.” This is despite the fact that she only sells officially published books.

4.3  Persecution of Journals and Journalist

Some of others suppressive acts are as follows:

·         The students publication Tekhte-siyah was banned by Iranian authorities.

·         Mr. Yunus Zarei, the leader of the Arman Student Organisations, was cautioned

·         The weekly Veravi was banned in Khiyov

4.4  Mischievous Provocation Acts

On the 20th of February, it emerged that the Iranian authorities were going to implant their operatives inside the masses to raise emblems and logos of some of the political organisations or even the national flag of Azerbaijan. According to this plan, these bogus groups were going to attack one another and create a pretext for the intervention of the security agents. In Urmu, the authorities were going to use imported Kurdish provocateurs. This plan was foiled in advance and the activists announced any flag-bearer as agents of the Iranian authorities. Eyewitness accounts confirmed seeing cars with disused flags.5. The Aftermath before the Dusts Settled

5.1  The Start of the Day

The celebration started in Zengan, a hinterland of Southern Azerbaijan, that misguided Iranian racists were regarding this as their backyard. Table 7 presents a glimpse of the celebration of Mother Language by the students of the University of Zengan, together with the translation of their communiqué. Similar activities were reported by the Turkic students in the University of Tehran.

Table 7 A Glimpse of Students Protests in Zengan University – photos speak for themselves

  Source of in formation: http://www.baybak.com/Baybak/?p=4857 and other websites

The Communique issued by the students of Zengan University (only the demands are given here), Southern Azerbaijani websites including (http://www.baybak.com/Baybak/?p=4857):

1.      Education to be based on Mother Language with official status to Azerbaijani Turkic

2.      Creating the Academy for Azerbaijani Turkic and creating chairs for this language in the universities of the country

3.      Putting in place the media in Azerbaijani Turkic including radio, television, publications and so on

4.      Reinstatement of all the names Azerbaijani places and removing all the obstacles in selecting the names in Azerbaijani Turkic (to children and economical units)

5.      Paying effective attention to historic places and cultural heritage related to the Turkic identity in Iran.

5.2  Solid Turnout in Urmu

Urmu is a provincial capital in Southern Azerbaijan and it basically beats the same rhythm as its capital city Tebriz and renowned for its fierce defence of Azerbaijani identity. This was demonstrated in the May 2006 Mass Protests and since then it maintains the same pace. The celebration of the International Mother Language Day was no exception. Reports are clear that up to 10,000 people gathered in the city centre and a young lady acted as a catalyst by singing a slogan on mother tongue. The dynamic participants were transformed into a marching carnival for up to 10 minutes. The police and Special Units, which were stationed near the city centre, quickly moved to the location where the carnival was in procession. The authorities deployed their arbitrary acts by using jetting water against peaceful civilians. Reports are specific that the water was mixed with acid and many individuals were harmed. Source: Eyewitness accounts, GunAzTV, various websites including Baybak (http://www.baybak.com/Baybak/?p=4894).

5.2.1 Satellite Cities of Urmu: Sulduz

Sulduz is a city, which suffered with the greatest number of extrajudicial victims of ordinary citizens inflicted by paramilitary state machinery in the May 2006 Mass Protests and the State has done nothing to bring justice to this city, much to the anger of the whole Azerbaijan. So the question was: how this city is going to respond to the Mother Language Day?

Araz Atila from UrmuPress reports that (http://www.baybak.com/Baybak/?p=4904) just after 4.00 p.m. on the 21st of February 2007, a large number of people from all walks of life reaching thousands in number gathered within the Imam Street. The gathering was in a sincere atmosphere and the participants started their rally from the Pasdar Square with slogans of I cry my heart out that I am a Turk (the simplest expression for rejecting Iranian racism), Education in Mother Language. The State machinery, brought from Tehran or Qoshachay two days before were deployed at this time to intimidate the participants to disperse them. At this time, Veli Azeriyyun, the brother of Tovhid Azeriyyun (a victim of the May 2006 Mass Protests), delivered a powerful speech and boosted the morale, which will be remembers as the high point of this gathering. Tovhid’s father was not also in good term with the security agents, who were filming the participants for reconnaissance at a later time. The proceedings took 2-3 hours under the intimidation and ended up by 30 participants being arrested. Also, the report by ASMEK indicated that helicopters were hovering above the city and taking films of the population taking part in the rally.

According to the report by ASMEK (http://asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/2007/03/blog-post.html#links), a large number of participants of the rally were arrested and summarily tried, many of whom were fined or even jail sentences. Table x presented the names of those whose identity have been confirmed.

5.2.2 Satellite Cities of Urmu: Qoshachay

Qoshachay is another city nearby Sulduz, where thousands of participants gathered in the city centre after 5.00 p.m. but before not marching for 100m, security agents and paramilitary groups, stationed in the city for two days, started charging on defenceless participants and the youth. Faced with this violence, the participants stopped the march but remain in the area until the sunset. At least 10 people were arrested. The available victims’ names will be presented in the next chapter. (Source: GunAzTV, many Southern Azerbaijani websites including: http://www.baybak.com/Baybak/?p=4867). OyrenciNews (http://azoh.blogfa.com/post-142.aspx) and other sources are specific that some of the arrested individuals were beaten up by the police charging on them. While in detention, these detainees have been denied of the right of access to their families or to a lawyer. The families of the detainees have expressed their concern on their loved one. Individuals released of detention give inside stories indicating that the rights of the detainees have been infringed and they are not in good conditions.

5.2.3 Satellite Cities of Urmu: Khoy

Khoy is another satellite city of Urmu, where the people gathered in the city centre to celebrate the International Mother Language day but this was suppressed by the authority and arrested a number of participants including Ibrahim Jeferzade. (http://azoh.blogfa.com/post-142.aspx)

5.3  Zengan, the Hinterland of Southern Azerbaijan as ever

The scale of the celebration of the International Mother Language Day in Zengan was a final blow to the rumours that Iranian racism has undermined the Turkic identity in Zengan. We have the English translation of two reports from a daily newspaper, Merom-e-nov, published in Zengan but in Farsi, which bear a clear testimony to the events. They are presented in Table 8. It gives a detailed account of the events as they rolled out but also exposes that the authorities failed to issue any account and denied the existence of the rally. Below, we draw your attention to some of the conflicts in the official ccount:

·         The International Mother Language Day had a festive atmosphere to the extent that the participants were offering sweet to each other; as opposed to official denial of the day.

·         The officials state that the rally was illegal. Contrast this against the right to rally and association in Iran, as by definition a rally or a group association is legal in Iran if the participants comply with Article 27 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran (stating that: “group associations are free if no weapon is carried and if it does not violate the Islamic foundations”). The report in Table 8 bears a witness that no participant took any weapon to this carnival atmosphere and the Islamic foundation was not undermined.

·         Official statement is that a few individuals numbering some 20 gathered in Sebze Square,” yet the report in Table 8 bears a witness that the turnout was massive and the number of the participants reached thousands.

·         The authorities blame the 20 individual but the report in Table 8 bears a witness that at least 26 individuals alone were arrested and the officials resorted to physical violence, misinformation and disinformation.

·         The contradictory information by the officials proves that they were disingenuous, to say the least.

TABLE 8   SUPPORTING DOCUMENTS

Document 1    http://mardom-e-no.com/index.php?id=748

 

News réel – Security agent personnel in Zengan prevented individuals intending to participate in the rally to celebrate the International Mother Language Day.

According to the reporter of Merdom-e-nov, yesterday afternoon the congregating individuals intended to offer sweets for marking the day within Sebze but they were confronted with the agents who ordered them to disperse. Amid this, those individuals who were unaware of the situation were asking for the reason and the police response was that they were there to arrest villains, rascals and addicts. When one of the rally participants was faced with physical violence, the atmosphere within the easygoing rally turned to be tense. When the rally participants sang their slogans, the police responded furiously and started arresting them. According to unconfirmed reports the number of the individuals arrested reached 19.

In spite of the persistence of the reporters to find out the details, there is no official press release and no accurate information on the fate of the victims from the right authorities.

Document 2 A Report by Merdom-nov – A daily Newspaper Published in the Southern Azerbaijani Provincial Capital of Zengan: Source: http://mardom-e-no.com/index.php?id=768                

Reporter: Rza She’bani and Mehemmed Rejebi

Only 19 of the people arrested in Zengan on 21 February 2007 were released due to canvassing of the families in front of the building at Headquarter No. 2 of Security Forces.

According to the report by the daily Merdom-e-nov, approximately 35 individuals including men, women and children gathered in front of the building at Headquarter No. 2 on Thursday the 22nd of February to campaign for the release of those arrested due to celebrating the International Mother Language Day.

Their presence was concluded with the release of 19 individuals. Wednesday the 21st was the celebration day for the International Mother Language Day, where people gathered for a city-wide celebration.

According to eyewitness accounts, the police disperse the congregating people by resorting to physical violence against some and by arresting some other. Although the Medom-e-nov reporters pursued the matter to learn the name of the victims from the security forces stationed in Zengan, this was in vain as they did not release any information, not even disclosed the whereabouts of the victims.

Thus, the only way to obtain the statistic on the arrested victims was to make enquiries from the family members in front of the Headquarter No. 2 of Zengan.

Persistence of the reporters of Merdom-e-nov led to identifying the names of some 26 victims, whose names are:

1.   Seid Metinpur,                                          2.  Jelil Qenili (Ghenilu),        

3.   Elirza Metinpur,                                        4.   Huseyn Rehmeti

5.   Eli Rehmeti,                                              6.   Nasir Rehmeti,     

7.   Murtuza Muradi,                                       8.   Mohsun Refi’I        

9.   Elnaz (Telnaz) Ne’meti,                            10. Davud Ne’meti                                        

11. Mahmud Mahajiri                                     12. Aydin Beraderan-Muqeddem                  

13. Rehmetulla Bayat-tebar                            14. Yusuf Mehemmedi 

15. Emir Nesiri                                                16. Behruz Seferi

17. Mehemmed Mehemmedi                          18. Eyrej Mehemmedi

19. Kerim Jelili                                                20. Abbas Qaffari

21. Eli Mehemmedi                                         22. Mehnaz Musevi

23. Javad Sherifi                                             24. Sudabe Metinpur

25. sanaz Metinpur                                          26. Sefereli Khoiyini

Until the minutes when this report was being compiled, seven victims were still in detention and their names are: Seid Metinpur, Elirza Metinpur, Jelil Qenili, Huseyn Rehmeti, Behruz Seferi, Sefereli Khoini.

Some of the detainees explained the situation to the Merdom-e-nov reporter after being released. Nasir Rehmeti said: we were distributing leaflets in the city in relation to the International Mother Language Day when security agents resorted to physical violence against us and beat us severely until we were bungled to their vehicle. They beat me up severely in the detention facility but when I was being interrogated, I was not subjected to physical violence.

However, there were four women among the detainees.

Mehnaz Musevi, one of the detainees, explained her ordeal of detention after being released: I was going to get on to a bus, at which time two or three security agents arrested me. I did not know anything about the gathering of the people regarding the International Mother Language Day. They are telling that I am a university student but I have only studied until the first two years of high school.

The mother of this detainee has spent the night in trauma and said to the reporter: there was no stone that I left untouched after all, my daughter is our breadwinner.

Behruz Seferi’s wife also explained the way her husband was arrested: security agents arrested him in his shop at 20.00 p.m. on Wednesday.

These are in a background where Araz Ziyai, the Governor of Zengan stated to the reporter of Merdom-e-nov on telephone regarding the gathering on Wednesday that “a few individuals numbering some 20 gathered in Sebze Square and were singing slogans. There was nothing special and that was the end of the story.” He expressed no knowledge of the detainees and said: “as far as I know no one has been arrested by the police today.”

The Governor of Zengan continued: “Any association or rallying must be licensed. Anyone wishing for a group association within the city must obtain a licence from the right authorities. If anyone does not observe the regulations, they will be subjected to law.”

The Governor of Zengan did not accept that the police subjected rallying people to physical violence and explained that: I do not accept the physical violence by the police and I do not think this is true either.

Criticising the rallying group, he added: these people do not believe in Turkic language. They write the communiqué in Persian and at the end they enter the expression long live Turks (yaşasın Türk). What is wrong, if they refer to the office of the governor and seek our permission?

In this conversation the Governor of Zengan emphasised that: one needs a permit for all programs including operating xx? Station (Translator’s note: the word was not a familiar one). All these people including critiques can apply for permits and get on with their program. Whilst he was denying the detainees on the 21st February, the Political Deputy of the Security Office of the Province informed that the affairs of the detainees will be evaluated rapidly and said that: the files of the detainees are within the authority of security forces and they will be appraised rapidly.

Ali Babai [translator’s note: presumably this individual is the Political Deputy of the Security Office in the Province of Zengan] promised: they will not lose much time and their files will be rapidly transferred to judiciary authorities. His opinion regarding the police treatment of the rallying individuals was that: physical violence is natural and the reason was that the rally was illegal.

Ali Babai, added that: unlicensed rallying groups should not expect any better from the police. He too did not have an accurate knowledge on the number of detainees.

Also, in relation to these events, the Islamic Society of Student of the Zengan University have protested to the ill-treatments by the police against the rallying individuals stating that according to Article 27 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, “these rallies and group associations are free if no weapon is carried and if it does not violate the Islamic foundations.” They have asked the members of the Islamic Majles to take up the matter before the right authorities to secure justice for the nation.

 

5.4  The Awakening National Consciousness in Hemedan and Qum

This year the celebration of the International Mother Language Day also reached Hemedan and Qum, the outpost cities of Southern Azerbaijan. In Hemedan, two Student Unions of Azerbaijani Turks (1.  Shehriyar Association of the University of Medical Science and 2. the Turkic Society of Ildirim of Bu Ali University) celebrated the Mother Language Day in two consecutive days and called for the reinstatement of the official status of Azerbaijani Turkic (an example source: http://azoh.blogfa.com/post-148.aspx). Also Mr. Telai nik, the member of National Security Commission and the Member of Parliament for Bahar and Kebuderaheng have become vocal in expressing the national rights of Turkic population of the province of Hemedan, who are in majority. Source: http://www.baybak.com/Baybak/?p=4919).  

The city of Qum (Qom) still retains its indigenous Turkic population and this year they became vocal, which is reflected in Table 5.

5.5  Erdebil and its Satellites

Erdebil also was in full swing toward celebrating the International Mother Language Day on the 21st of February. Security agents and paramilitary units were in a state of alert in Imam Khumeyni Square, and Sherieti Square. The city seemed to be under siege and special units with their motor cycle were created fear among the rallying participants to disperse them. There is a number of people who were arrested, see Table x. Also there was a conference in the Erdebil University of Medical Science in relation to Mother Language and despite a licence for this, the authorities revoked their licence and disallowed the conference (Sournce: http://www.savalansesi.blogfa.com/post-165.aspx).

5.7  Tebriz Can never be silenced

The authorities militarised Tebriz transforming it into a barrack environment. Armed police, military Special Units geared with arms and plain clothes security agents were prepared to deny the civilians with the right to association and the celebration of the International Mother Language Day. In spite of the intimidating presence of the authority, a large number of people turned up in the city centre, in Rasta Kuche, as widely advertised in advance. There was very little opportunity to coalesce and form the carnival atmosphere. In spite of this, brief opportunities were effectively utilised to orchestrate peaceful slogans. When the violence was reaching excessive degrees, the participants were melting down only to regroup elsewhere. At least in two places, (near Emin Square and Shahnaz Square) the formation lasted several minutes, before the charging of offensive forces of the authorities. Eyewitness accounts say of seeing State vans laden with the national flags of Azerbaijan and emblems and logos of the Azerbaijani groups, which the security agents had brought to implant seeds of factionalism to create as a pretext for their intervention. However, no one was fooled by such monumental naiveties. Source: GunAzTV, various Azerbaijani websites including Baybak: http://www.baybak.com/Baybak/?p=4866 or http://www.baybak.com/Baybak/?p=4876

The above would be seen as a light escape for the Iranian authorities in Tebriz, the capital of intellectuals, renowned for its maturity in democratic movements, as well as in civil disobedience. News was spread during the fuzzy protests on the 21st of February to regroup on the 22nd of February at the Football match between Tebriz, the historic capital of Azerbaijan and Erak, an outpost city of Southern Azerbaijan. The following day the Tebriz Stadium was fully packed with football lovers of the city, transforming the stadium into the national theatre, with one side singing long live and the other side singing Azerbaijan. There was scepticism to believe the claim until the films arrive and broadcasted from GunAzTV, removing any doubt on the authenticity of this massive triumph in breaking the defence line of the Iranian racism. You can view the incident in various Azerbaijani websites including: (http://www.azadtribun.net/Dekoment37.wmv)

5.8  Persecution of Journals and Journalists

·         Bulud http://www.baybak.com/Baybak/?p=4918

·         Tekhte-Siyah http://www.haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-344.aspx 6.         The Residues of the Arrests

The Integrated names list of the individuals arrested since 1 February 2007 is given in Table 9. We still aim to establish the residue of the detainees but this is a difficult task and probably the details will emerge in a few weeks time.

Table 9: The Integrated names list of the individuals arrested since 1 February 2007

No

Name and SURNAME

Date arrested

Date detained

 

 

Zengan

1

Abbas Qaffari

22/02/2007

24/02/2007

http://mardom-e-no.com/index.php?id=768

2

Aydin Beraderan-Muqeddem

22/02/2007

24/02/2007

http://mardom-e-no.com/index.php?id=768

3

Behruz Seferi

22/02/2007

03/03/2007

http://mardom-e-no.com/index.php?id=768 http://www.haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-368.aspx

4

Davud Ne’meti

22/02/2007

24/02/2007

http://mardom-e-no.com/index.php?id=768

5

Eli Mehemmedi

22/02/2007

24/02/2007

http://mardom-e-no.com/index.php?id=768

6

Eli Rehmeti,         

22/02/2007

24/02/2007

http://mardom-e-no.com/index.php?id=768

7

Elirza Metinpur

22/02/2007

01/03/2007

http://mardom-e-no.com/index.php?id=768 http://www.haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-368.aspx

8

Emir Nesiri

22/02/2007

01/03/2007

http://mardom-e-no.com/index.php?id=768 http://www.haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-368.aspx

9

Eyrej Mehemmedi

22/02/2007

24/02/2007

http://mardom-e-no.com/index.php?id=768

10

Huseyn Rehmeti

22/02/2007

3/03/2007

http://mardom-e-no.com/index.php?id=768 http://www.haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-368.aspx

11

Javad Sherifi

22/02/2007

24/02/2007

http://mardom-e-no.com/index.php?id=768

12

Jelil Qenili (Ghenilu)

22/02/2007

03/03/2007

http://mardom-e-no.com/index.php?id=768 http://www.haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-368.aspx

13

Kerim Jelili

22/02/2007

24/02/2007

http://mardom-e-no.com/index.php?id=768

14

Mehemmed Mehemmedi

22/02/2007

24/02/2007

http://mardom-e-no.com/index.php?id=768

15

Mehnaz Musevi

22/02/2007

24/02/2007

http://mardom-e-no.com/index.php?id=768

16

Mahmud Mahajiri

22/02/2007

24/02/2007

http://mardom-e-no.com/index.php?id=768

17

Mohsun Refi’I   

22/02/2007

24/02/2007

http://mardom-e-no.com/index.php?id=768

18

Murtuza Muradi

22/02/2007

24/02/2007

http://mardom-e-no.com/index.php?id=768

19

Nasir Rehmeti

22/02/2007

24/02/2007

http://mardom-e-no.com/index.php?id=768

20

Rehmetulla Bayat-tebar

22/02/2007

24/02/2007

http://mardom-e-no.com/index.php?id=768

21

Sanaz Metinpur

22/02/2007

24/02/2007

http://mardom-e-no.com/index.php?id=768

22

Seid Metinpur

22/02/2007

3/03/2007

http://mardom-e-no.com/index.php?id=768 http://www.haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-368.aspx

23

Sefereli Khoiyini

22/02/2007

Not released yet

http://mardom-e-no.com/index.php?id=768

24

Sudabe Metinpur

22/02/2007

24/02/2007

http://mardom-e-no.com/index.php?id=768

25

Telnaz Ne’meti

22/02/2007

01/03/2007

http://mardom-e-no.com/index.php?id=768 http://www.haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-368.aspx

26

Yusuf Mehemmedi 

22/02/2007

24/02/2007

http://mardom-e-no.com/index.php?id=768

 

Urmu – According to UrmuNews 50 individuals were arrested on 22/02/2007, some of the names are as follows

27

Atila Qulunju (Keyanush Yusufi)

 

 

 

28

Arif  Elvefa

 

 

 

29

Babek Mehemmedi

22/02/2007

 

http://asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/2007/03/blog-post.html#links

30

Davud Ebdi

22/02/2007

 

http://asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/2007/03/blog-post.html#links

31

Hesen Esedi

08/02/2007

 

http://www.haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-346.aspx

32

Ebulfezl Alilu

 

 

http://asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/2007/02/blog-post.html#links

33

Ebuzer Esedzade

22/02/2007

 

Released on bailhttp://asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/2007/03/blog-post.html#links

34

Ehmed Qureyshi

 

 

http://asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/2007/02/blog-post.html#links

35

Emir Esedzade

22/02/2007

 

http://asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/2007/03/blog-post.html#links

36

Eta Aghasi

22/02/2007

 

Has been released on bail

http://asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/2007/03/blog-post.html#links

37

Huseyn Huseyni kiya

 

 

http://www.haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-360.aspx

38

Husheng Teqipur

22/02/2007

 

http://asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/2007/03/blog-post.html#links

38

Ismaiyil Javadi

18/02/2007

 

http://asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/2007/02/blog-post.html#links

40

Ismayil Melek Khanneqin

22/02/2007

 

http://asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/2007/03/blog-post.html#links

41

Jefer Huseyni kiya

22/02/2007

 

http://asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/2007/02/blog-post.html#links

42

Kave Tavakkuli

22/02/2007

 

http://asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/2007/03/blog-post.html#links

43

Mehdi Ebulqasimi (from Hemedan)

22/02/2007

 

Has been released on bail

http://asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/2007/03/blog-post.html#links

44

Meherrem Huseyni kiya

22/02/2007

 

http://asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/2007/02/blog-post.html#links

45

Miqdad Teymuri

22/02/2007

 

http://asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/2007/03/blog-post.html#links

46

Murtuza Rzai

22/02/2007

 

http://asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/2007/03/blog-post.html#links

47

Muslum Nikju

22/02/2007

 

http://asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/2007/03/blog-post.html#links

48

Ramin ??

22/02/2007

 

http://asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/2007/03/blog-post.html#links

49

Seid Huseynzade

22/02/2007

 

http://asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/2007/03/blog-post.html#links

50

Yusuf Destan

22/02/2007

 

http://www.haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-360.aspx

 

Tebriz

51

Yunis zare’un

13/02/2007

 

http://www.haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-343.aspx

52

Tebriz

 

 

http://www.haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-354.aspx

53

Hesen Erk

18/02/2007

 

http://www.haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-354.aspx

 

Shebuster

54

Behnam Nurmehemmedi

12/02/2007

 

http://www.haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-345.aspx

55

Behzad Khorshidzade

04/02/2007

 

http://www.haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-342.aspx

56

Qehreman Sultani

04/02/2007

 

http://www.haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-342.aspx

57

Perviz Sultani

04/02/2007

 

http://www.haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-342.aspx

 

Sulduz

58

Herman Qenberpur

 

 

http://www.azadtabriz.com/news/?p=2251

59

Qehreman Seferpur

22/02/2007

 

http://www.savalansesi.blogfa.com/post-155.aspx

 

Qoshachay

60

Behbud Qulizade

22/02/2007

 

 

http://asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/2007/03/blog-post.html#links

61

Ehmed Jiddi

22/02/2007

 

62

Eli Muqeddem

22/02/2007

 

63

Jefer Haq-nezeri

22/02/2007

 

64

Mehdi Hatemi Beyleri

22/02/2007

 

65

Rza Vijdani

22/02/2007

 

66

Sirus Hezreti

22/02/2007

 

67

Sasan Musevi

22/02/2007

 

 

Qum

68

Eli Ebdullahi (already tortured)

 

 

http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-352.aspx

69

Hemid Shefaju (tortured)

 

 

 

70

Jefer Abidini, see also below

13/02/2007

14/02/2007

Released on bail

http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-352.aspx

71

Ibrahim Kazimi

13/02/2007?

 

Released on bail

http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-352.aspx

72

Mehdi Movlai, see also below

13/02/2007

14/02/2007

http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-352.aspx

73

Mesud Pejman

 

 

http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-352.aspx

74

A name yet to be established

 

 

http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-352.aspx

75

Rza Derjezini

13/02/2007

19/02/2007

http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-351.aspx

76

Yusuf Suleymani

 

 

http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-353.aspx

77

Khoy

78

Ibrahim Jeferzade

10/02/2007

 

http://www.haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-340.aspx

79

Shirzad Hajili (Hajilu)

20/02/2007

 

http://www.haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-358.aspx

 

Khiyov (Meshgin sheher)

80

Jelil Muqeddesi

22/02/2007

 

http://asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/2007/02/blog-post_24.html#links

81

Mehdi Talibi

22/02/2007

 

82

Shahin Ismayilpur

22/02/2007

 

83

?? Qurbanzade

22/02/2007

 

 

Erdebil – According to Savalansesi 20 individuals were arrested in Erdebil before and during the Mother Language Day

84

Aydin Nejati

22/02/2007

 

http://www.savalansesi.blogfa.com/post-165.aspx

85

Babek Shuja’

22/02/2007

 

http://www.savalansesi.blogfa.com/post-165.aspx

86

Davud Mehemmedi

8/02/2007

 

http://www.haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-339.aspx

87

Emin Jiddi

 

22/02/2007

http://www.haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-360.aspx

88

Emin Qedimi

22/02/2007

 

http://www.savalansesi.blogfa.com/post-165.aspx

89

Ehsan Fermani

22/02/2007

 

Transferred to the Youth Wing of Erdebil Prison

http://dustaq.blogsky.com/

90

Hamid Lutfi

31/01/2007

10/02/2007

Released on bail

http://www.haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-335.aspx http://www.haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-337.aspx

91

Hesen Esedi

8/02/2007

 

http://dustaq.blogsky.com/?Date=1385-11

92

Hueseyn Mehemmedi

8/02/2007

 

http://www.haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-339.aspx

93

Huseyn Sebebi

22/02/2007

1/03/2007

Released on bail

http://www.savalansesi.blogfa.com/post-169.aspx  

94

Jelal Teqevi

22/02/2007

 

http://www.haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-360.aspx

95

Mustaafa Mehbub tepe

22/02/2007

 

http://www.savalansesi.blogfa.com/post-165.aspx

96

Qasim Qeribi

23/02/2007

23/02/2007

http://www.savalansesi.blogfa.com/post-165.aspx

97

Qedir Azerdokht

22/02/2007

 

http://www.savalansesi.blogfa.com/post-165.aspx

98

Peyman Behrami

8/02/2007

 

http://www.haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-339.aspx

99

Rehim Khudadadi

22/02/2007

 

Transferred to Erdebil prison and kept in solitary confinement; needs medical attention.

http://www.savalansesi.blogfa.com/post-176.aspx

100

Rza Didever

22/02/2007

 

http://www.savalansesi.blogfa.com/post-165.aspx

101

Ramin Sadiqi esl

19/02/2007

 

http://www.haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-360.aspx

102

Yequb Govherfer

22/02/2007

 

http://www.savalansesi.blogfa.com/post-165.aspx

The location map of Southern Azerbaijan and its cities are given below.

7.   Concluding Remark

Whilst the nation of Southern Azerbaijan goes from strength to strength in demanding their national and human rights, the Iranian authorities keep resorting to their usual approach of repression. A symbol of demands for national and human rights is in terms of the reinstatement of the Azerbaijani Turkic throughout Southern Azerbaijan as the official language.

The report pieces together the aftermath of the International Mother Language Day in 2007 providing clear evidence that:

·         The nation of Southern Azerbaijan relies on a vast array of well networking activists thriving to secure their national and human rights. The ongoing national movement is not a surge but a relentless and unstoppable current, drawing strength from the Universal Human Rights Proclamation. There is only tune in this movement, securing the national rights through non-violent means, although the movement is capable of resorting to any stiff resistance.

·         The Islamic Republic of Iran, renowned for its singular approach in culture, politics, falsification of history, collusion with the underworld of terrorism, is spearheading a singular racist policy against the nation of Southern Azerbaijan

·         The authorities created a drama in Tebriz by unwisely denying the population the right of association and therefore encouraged the activists to use the football game into a wave of protests.

·         The national movement of Southern Azerbaijan is unstoppable, mature and relentless.

The integrity of human rights can only be maintained by solidarity with the defenders of human rights. Today, the nation of Southern Azerbaijan is defending even their most basic human rights, the right for the reinstatement of the official status of Azerbaijani Turkic. We reflected a glimpse of the events as they roll out in Southern Azerbaijan. We hope international organisation are monitoring the situation and will be defending the just cause of our nation before it is too late.

  Azərbaijani Turkic

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