Special Documents

 

US State Departments spokeswoman Julie Reside made a statement on Wednesday in response to a question from VOA at Tuesday’s daily briefing on a September 25th Amnesty International statement expressing concern about an Iranian crackdown on ethnic-Azeris and other political activists in Iran:

“We believe that the persecution of Azeris by the  Iranian regime is part of an ongoing harassment of minority groups, especially those who are willing to demonstrate for their rights.

Azeris were beaten, harassed and arrested during peaceful demonstrations in May, 2006.

Iran has banned the Azeri language in schools, harassed Azeri activists, and jailed Azeris for advocating for cultural and linguistic rights

We are deeply concerned by the regime’s continued repression of Iran’s minority ethnic and religious groups including Azeris, Kurds, Bahai, ethnic Arabs and others.

 The regime’s repression affected religious minorities, students, women, labor unions journalists and academics.

We consistently have called upon the Iranian government to respect the rights of all Iranian people,  and to release those arrested and imprisoned  for insisting on their universal rights to freedom of expression and association.”

 

Draft Report on

Integrated Data on Arbitrary Sentences Passed by Iranian Authorities to Southern Azerbaijani Activists

Section 1: Introduction

Section 2: Analysis and conclusion

Section 3: The standing sentences prior 22 May 2006 – see Table 3

Section 4: The sentences related to the May 2006 Mass Protests – see Table 4

Section 5: Translated Documents in a tabular form

Section 6: Source Documents in a tabular form

Tebriz on 22 May 2006

The May 2006 Mass Protests

 

Urmu, the second largest city of Southern Azerbaijan

on 23 May 2006

 

1.1    Introduction

DunAzHAK submitted a general Communication  to the OHCHR on 17 September 2006 (Ref. 382/2006) highlighting the arbitrary nature of the sentences passed to Southern Azerbaijani activists but now more data are available which this report collates and compiles in a structured fashion. The objective of the report is stated below, and this report sets out a strategy for its realisation by producing a live document on tracing the lifecycle of Southern Azerbaijani detainees aiming to ensure their liberty. As such, this report will serve as the overarching document to roll out individual communications/ complaints on each and every individual activist, as and when significant data becomes available.

The report is structured in Five Sections and Appendices:

·        Section 2: Analysis and conclusion

·        Section 3: The standing sentences prior 22 May 2006 – see Table 3

·        Section 4: The sentences related to the May 2006 Mass Protests – see Table 4

·        Section 5: Translated Documents in a tabular form

·        Section 6: Source Documents in a tabular form

The sentences related to detainees protesting for the banned status of our mother tongue are in the process of being processed and do not therefore appear in this release of the report.

1.2           Objective

The objective of the report is to combat the mounting numbers of arbitrary sentences issued by Iranian judges to Southern Azerbaijani human rights lawyers, human rights defenders, leaders and activists. We also want to uncover the mindset of the so called Iranian authorities passing these sentences.

1.3           Status of this report

This report is a draft and the integrated tables are not fully documented yet.

2.      Analysis

2.1    Summary of the Sentences Passed

Some 120 cases are collated on the sentences passed to the Southern Azerbaijani activists by the Iranian authorities. Collating a copy of all the original sentences is not feasible as the authorities are very careful to cover their tracks and do not normally publish any communiqués regarding detainees. From time to time, official documents are issued on the sentences and all of them are incorporated in this report. In two cases, these sentences have been produced by proxy. The translation of the documents is presented in Section 5 and their originals are presented in Section 6, both of which are in tabular form for easy cross-referencing. An analysis of the documents is as follows:

1.      Court sentences for Mr. Leysanli, Khudadadi, a collective sentence on 30 individuals, Ibadet Mededi Nigaristan, Mahmud Hesenpur, Mehdi Babai, Mustafa Evezpur, Saleh Kamrani, Elirza Javanbekht Qulunju  – 39 cases

2.      Two cases where the sentences were reproduced – the cases of Mr. Hesen Rashidi and Semed Peyvendi

3.      One case of summoning to gag a prisoner of conscience

4.      One case of summoning a student to a disciplinary hearing

5.      One case where the candidacy of an activist is dismissed to take part in local elections.

Although the full data are needed for a very direct analysis of the mindset of the Iranian authorities, they do seem, as will be seen, to be aware of their devious acts in they way they attempt cover up their actions. We are probably very lucky to have official documents of evidence for more than 40 of the 120 cases collated here. This direct sample is sufficient to carry out an objective analysis.

The jail sentences are by and large punitive but sometimes the published information is not specific and therefore we have the following categories: punitive jail, jailing and suspended. An individual can suffer a variety of arbitrary punishments, as shown in Table 2.1.

An overview of the table reveals the outrageous statistic that the most recurrent forms of sentencing are lashing, jailing and fines. We hasten to add that hundreds are bailed out before reaching trial and have not been mentioned here. We have raised our concerns in our previous communications on these sentences and attributed them to racist policies of the Iranian authorities. This is analysed below in more detail.

Table 2.1 summaries of different categories of sentences

Penal Diversity

No of Victims

Comments

Defrocking

1

This is the case of Hojjet-ul-Islam Ezimi Qedim but there have been other cases in the past imposed on religious personnel who were defrocked for promoting their Azerbaijani identity.

Exile

3

 

Confiscation

2

There refer to computers and CDs but there are numerous other cases

Fine

50

 

Suspended sentence

8

 

Lack of clarity on the sentence

9

There refer to cases that the wordings of the news items were not clear

Jail

13

These may well be punitive sentences

Lashing

60

 

Punitive jail

37

These are specifically referred to as punitive

Waiting sentencing

 

 

Newly announced trials

50-80 to take place in Erdebil

 

Depriving from employment

1

This are an area of violating human rights of Southern Azerbaijanis that its documentation has been overlooked but there are many instances

Job security

 

The evidence for this is yet to be collated but there a number of published evidences

Students disciplinary acts

 

 

Cleared

3

 

Death sentences

5

See our letter:

2.2.1 Lashing

Where lashing is involved, the culturally rich world of human rights is suddenly transformed into the black-and-white world of victim and aggressor without any middle ground. The culture of human rights does not condone the culprits inflicting lashing. However, we shall restrain ourselves to defend the Southern Azerbaijani victims of lashing by using the respectful language as per the norm of human rights and give undue and undeserved respectability to the authorities perpetrating lashing. In order to be objective in understanding the context of the 60 lashing instances out of 120 Southern Azerbaijani cases, the following investigation was carried out.

Investigation

The Amir Kabir Website (http://www.autnews.com/) is an active Iranian website striving to inform on matters of persecutions on the social, political, human rights, university and women’s rights contexts. This is one place where one can search for mention of lashing sentences in Iran. The archive of the site goes back one year and there were only 23 items with the word lashing. The occurrences of lashing in this website may be categorised as follows:

·        Many of these were used metaphorically,

·        Some occurrences were used as an instrument of torture

·        A number of the instances mentioned the names of victims suffering from a diversity of torture including lashing (e.g. Yashar Qajar, a Sothern Azerbaijani, and Akbar Mohammadi)

·        As a measure of legitimate Iranian punishment, this is used in the cases of two individuals (possibly Persians), a Kurd, 52 Sofis of Gonabad and one of their defending lawyer and many instances related to Southern Azerbaijan.

·        Not all of the Southern Azerbaijani instances of victims were accounted for here but at least some 20 of them have been accounted for from this site.

The Procedure for Lashing:

The case of Mr. Mahmud Hesenpur was very revealing as we came to learn that there is a procedure for lashing the victims (the most indignant to modern culture of human rights), as follows:

(i)                 Medical Procedure: obtain medical certificate;

(ii)               The Weather Conditions: select a fine pleasant day;

(iii)             Place of Punishment: Take the convict to a place out of public view;

(iv)             The Clothing Condition: normal clothing without stripping;

(v)               Application of the Punishment: apply lashing to all over the body with exception of his head, face and private parts.

Assessment

Southern Azerbaijani websites, as analysed in this report, show that approximately half of the sentences in the population of 120 cases are associated with lashing. This is only matched by the case of the Gonabad Sofis. This uncovers a significant fact. Iranian authorities pass this infamous penal measure against entities not conforming to their outlook. As this penal measure is deemed a form of torture and therefore is condemned by the universal human rights declaration. In a general context, the application of this infamous penal measure is fascism as in the case of its application against the (largely Persian) Sofis from Gonabad. In the context of victimising Southern Azerbaijanis, this act is deemed to be an act of racism.

It is appropriate to mention here that the activists of Erdebil, as named in Table 3.1 were going to suffer the infamous act of lashing two years back. When the news was spread in Erdebil, the population was outraged and a large crowd joined the rank-and-file of activists in front of the prison offering themselves in lieu of those to be flogged. The Iranian authorities revoked immediately their verdict, fearing a breakout of widespread protests, and had to release the activists.

2.2.2   Jailing and Gagging

We do not have a reliable account of the number of released activists on bail or those whose jail terms have been suspended. However, the authorities are using these as a mechanism to arrest them when a session of protests emerges. There is firm evidence for this, as a Southern Azerbaijani activist, (Hidayet Zakir) has been summoned to answer questions regarding lack of observance of his terms of release. The musician Mr. Hesen Azerbaijan and Hojjel-ul-Islam Ezimi Qedim were released on a similar basis. The suspension of the jail term of Mr. Saleh Kamrani and Mr. Hesen Rashidi are also on a similar basis. All of these are designed to violate human rights of the activists by gagging them.

2.2.3 Fining

A total of more than 670 million Riyals have been fined which is equivalent to the annual income of approximately 50 secondary teachers. It seems that they are designed to financially cripple the individuals concerned.

2.2.4 Presumptuous Self-righteousness of Iranian Authorities

The image of self-righteousness does not fit the culture of human rights, democracy and pluralism. The concept of divinity and holiness are no longer acceptable in the common parlance of modern politics and are confined to the environment of places of worship. Some of the sentences issued to Southern Azerbaijani activists by Iranian authorities have such phrases as follows:

·        Accusation brought to Mr. Kamrani, a human right lawyer: “publicity activities against the system of the holy Islamic Republic of Iran”

·        One of accusations brought against Mr. Qulunju: “Cessation from the divine Islamic Republic of Iran”

2.2.5 Other Peculiar Aspect of the Sentences

Threats to job security, revoking work permits and shutting down the businesses of  activists are other measures employed towards the violation of human rights of Southern Azerbaijanis.

The document of a collective sentence passed to the victims in Qoshachay, also goes further than others in acknowledging that the cause of the May 2006 Mass Protests was related to the abusive cartoon in a daily newspaper of the country with a wide circulation (the daily Iran) that insulted the Turkic population. Yet the culprits of this abuse escaped unscathed and the said newspaper has resumed publication. On the other hand Southern Azerbaijanis still suffer untold injustice. Interestingly, none of the other judges make this point. This probably reveals that the judge in Qoshachay was seeking a balance between his conscience and the duress exerted by his peers to arrive at the premeditated sentence.

The sentence document issued against Mr. Qulunju abbreviates the name of West Azerbaijan to W.A. and this is highly unusual, as the culture of abbreviation is next to being non-existent in Farsi. The subtlety of this can easily be overlooked and an obvious explanation is that the judge expresses his animosity with Azerbaijan in this rather subtle but obvious approach. Based on this, the arbitrary nature of the charges is not surprising.

Arbitrary acts within the context of the Iranian legal system are unique to Iran in terms of a world of “contradictions, privileges obtained by corruption, underhand dealings and management through an internal networking and pulling strings.” For a pro-system conformist, it is basically possible to get away with anything. Non-conformist human rights defenders rejecting racist policies are normally given a rough ride by the authorities. This report lists the victims.

2.3    Authenticity of the Charges

The charges brought to Southern Azerbaijani activists are not authentic and Amnesty International consistently recognises that by and large these sentences are not recognisable in international law. Let us convert four of these into a generic form:

Example 1

1.      Actively participating in many special (and illegal) ceremonies (such as annual assembly at Babek Castle)

2.      Encouraging other members of the public to participate in such Assemblies,

3.      Preparing placards in mother tongue (of various sizes in Turkic Azerbaijani written in Latin alphabet)

4.      Reciting (Azerbaijani) poems in mother tongue, preparing and reading other relevant materials to participants

5.      Preparing and distributing (Turkic) National Calendar within the province and nationwide

6.      Keeping in close contact with people of similar opinions and other compatriots,

7.      Intending to promote  mother tongue (Azerbaijani Turkic nationalism and independence)

8.      Keeping in touch with other individuals of similar creed (ideologies within Iran and abroad), using the Internet to send messages to various websites etc. 

Example 2

1.      Interviews given to the News Services of Voice of America

2.      Undertaking the defence of individuals who are in opposition with the system and those undermining national security inciting their ethnic identity  (Section 71 of the file),

3.      Escalating the insecurity through a diverse approaches

4.      Sending SMS to individuals with messages undermining the holy system of the Islamic Republic of Iran

5.      Also confessions obtained from the Accused and inexcusable statements at the presence of the Court and

Example 3

1.      His A Founding membership of a well established  group to defend human rights the little group called ASMEK,

2.      Promoting pluralism Undermining the security and territorial integrity of the country,

3.      Challenging official misinformation Publicity for Pan-Turkism for the formation of a Turkic autonomous government,

4.      Arduous Campaigner for human rights of own suppressed nation  Cessation from the divine Islamic Republic of Iran

 

Example 4

1.      Publicity activities against the system and publicity to the opposition;

2.      Organising conferences and delivering speechesIllegal gatherings, taking part in them; creating unusual noise in these gatherings;

3.      Undermining public order;

4.      Turkologist teaching the Turkish language in the Teacher Training University;

5.      Dissemination of investigated ideas Writing articles for promoting ethnicity, separatism in student publications;

6.      Presented speech Taking part in the seminar for the national unity on 25 December 2006 at the Teacher Training University of Karaj and supporting the Tribe of the Turk.

7.      As a teacher of the Turkic language, incited tribal tensions. Acted as the leading hand behind the recent gatherings in Azerbaijan and Tehran and playing an effective role.

8.      Report to media e.g. the B.B.C. on As a human rights issues reporter, has passed intelligence information to the BBC and internal and foreign news agencies related to the clashes and violence (reportages from the Ministry of Information)

9.      Upholds federalism and a prolific has writerten an with articles in the Periodical Dilmaj, Shems-Tebriz etc. on this subject in 2005.

10.  Also Delivered a speech in the University of Science and Technology (Date: 3 June 2006); there mentioned that silence is not the sign of content but this may entail a storm behind; being irresponsibly in the university, teaching and giving speeches there, organising a Committee for defending and gathering finance for the families of the detainees and those who lost their lives in extra-judiciary killings in the riots and rebellion.

11.  Sending short zipped messages to the various people, taking part in illegal gatherings in front of the Islamic Parliament of Iran, and giving an interview to the BBC.

 

The above are four examples of charges against four Southern Azerbaijanis. If refined in the spirit of human rights, they would feature as impressive personal profiles in good CVs. Yet, where human rights are swept under the carpet, they can become charges for jailing highly intelligent individuals. The above examples are taken from the charges brought to:

 

1.      Mr. Leysanli, an emerging leader of Southern Azerbaijani national movement

2.      Mr. Saleh Kamrani, an arduous human right lawyer

3.      Mr. Elirza Qulunju, an arduous human rights defender

4.      Mr. Hesen Rashidi, a journalist

2.4    Conclusion

This report seeks evidence for the arbitrary nature of sentences passed to Southern Azerbaijani activists by Iranian authorities. The key consideration is that the sentences are premeditated and a network of gangs operates as the authorities in a form of underhand dealing among the agents of the Ministry of Intelligence, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Interior, the police, etc. In this first release for the report the type of sentences passed reveals that the authorities aim to insult the nation of Southern Azerbaijan through their own brand of justice as a less explicit version of the insult waged in the form of a cartoon on 10 May 2006.

Section 3        Standing Sentences Prior to May 2006

Table 3.1

No

Name, Surname

Sentence

Type

 

Erdebil

1

Abbas Leysanli

Court: Penal Court, Branch 107, Erdebil

Charge: For taking part in the annual Babek gathering

Sentence: 15 lashes and 80,000 Tumen fine but suspended for two years.

An Earlier Detention: Due to the sit-in protests in the Sarcheshme Mosque on 23 June 2006 was tortured and detained.

Source: ASMEK

 

 

 

 

Punitive jail,

Lashing,

Fine

 

2

Jelal Teqevi

Court: Penal Court, Branch 107, Erdebil

Charge: For taking part in the annual Babek gathering

Sentence: 15 lashes and 80,000 Tumen fine but suspended for two years.

An Earlier Detention: Due to the sit-in protests in the Sarcheshme Mosque on 23 June 2006 was tortured and detained.

Source: ASMEK

 

 

 

 

Punitive jail,

Lashing,

Fine

 

3

Eli Achak

Court: Penal Court, Branch 107, Erdebil

Charge: For taking part in the annual Babek gathering

Sentence: 15 lashes and 80,000 Tumen fine but suspended for two years.

An Earlier Detention: Due to the sit-in protests in the Sarcheshme Mosque on 23 June 2006 was tortured and detained.

Source: ASMEK

 

 

 

 

Punitive jail,

Lashing,

Fine

4

Eli Seidi

Court: Penal Court, Branch 107, Erdebil

Charge: For taking part in the annual Babek gathering

Sentence: 15 lashes and 80,000 Tumen fine but suspended for two years.

An Earlier Detention: Due to the sit-in protests in the Sarcheshme Mosque on 23 June 2006 was tortured and detained.

Source: ASMEK

 

 

 

 

Punitive jail,

Lashing,

Fine

5

Ebduleziz Ezimi Qedim

The latest Case:

Charge 1:    Contempt of the court

Sentence 1: 3 months of punitive imprisonment

Charge 2:    Actively promoting publicity in favour of anti-system groups

Sentence 2: 1 year of punitive imprisonment

Charge 3:    Undermining the integrity of clergies

Sentence 3: stripping clergy credentials for 10 yrs

Complementary Sentences: punitive sentences of being exiled for 5 years from Turkic provinces.

Source: 3 January 2006 info by ASMEK

 

An Earlier Detention: Due to the sit-in protests in the Sarcheshme Mosque on 23 June 2006 was tortured and detained.

Source: ASMEK

 

 

 

 

 

Punitive jail,

Defrocking,

Exile

 

6

Huseyn Lisani

Court: Penal Court, Branch 107, Erdebil

Charge: For taking part in the annual Babek gathering

Sentence: 15 lashes and 80,000 Tumen fine but suspended for two years.

An Earlier Detention: Due to the sit-in protests in the Sarcheshme Mosque on 23 June 2006 was tortured and detained.

Source: ASMEK

 

 

 

 

Punitive jail,

Lashing,

Fine

 

7

Mehdi Mehemmedpur

Court: Penal Court, Branch 107, Erdebil

Charge: For taking part in the annual Babek gathering

Sentence: 15 lashes and 80,000 Tumen fine but suspended for two years.

An Earlier Detention: Due to the sit-in protests in the Sarcheshme Mosque on 23 June 2006 was tortured and detained.

Source: ASMEK

 

 

 

 

Punitive jail,

Lashing,

Fine

 

8

Mohsun Refi

Court: Penal Court, Branch 107, Erdebil

Charge: For taking part in the annual Babek gathering

Sentence: 15 lashes and 80,000 Tumen fine but suspended for two years.

An Earlier Detention: Due to the sit-in protests in the Sarcheshme Mosque on 23 June 2006 was tortured and detained.

Source: ASMEK

 

 

 

 

Punitive jail

Lashing,

Fine

 

9

Nasir Devari

 

Court: Penal Court, Branch 107, Erdebil

Charge: For taking part in the annual Babek gathering

Sentence: 15 lashes and 80,000 Tumen fine but suspended for two years.

An Earlier Detention: Due to the sit-in protests in the Sarcheshme Mosque on 23 June 2006 was tortured and detained.

Source: ASMEK

 

 

 

 

Punitive jail,

Lashing,

Fine

 

 

Julfa

10

Yurush Mehrelibeyli

The sentence issued in the Keleyber court:

·         One Year imprisonment and

The Appeal Court commuted the sentence to:

·        Eight months of imprisonment

Source: Ref: 398/2006 on 16 October 2006

 

Punitive jail

 

Khudaferin

11

Elchin (Dariyush) Hatemi

The sentence issued in the Keleyber court:

·         One Year imprisonment and

The Appeal Court commuted the sentence to:

·        Eight months of imprisonment

Source: Ref: 398/2006 on 16 October 2006

 

 

Punitive jail

12

Resul Qehremani

The sentence issued in the Keleyber court:

·         One Year imprisonment and

The Appeal Court commuted the sentence to:

·        Eight months of imprisonment

Source: Ref: 398/2006 on 16 October 2006

 

Punitive jail

 

Salmas

13

Abbas Nikrevan

 

 

14

Javad Abbasi

Jailed:          12 December 2005 in Khoy

Charge:       Separatism and connections with Pan-Turkist groups

Verdict:       6 months

Released:     20 March 2006 conditional

Source: ASMEK

 

 

 

 

Conditional release

 

Tebriz

15

Hidayet Zakir

Was required to call in to the prison by 3 January 2006 but he called in to the prison authority on 25 December 2006, as his life was made impossible by numerous harassments.

Charge: separatism

Sentence: one year of imprisonment

 

 

 

 

 

Conditional release

 

Tehran

16

Ekber Azad

The sentence issued in the Keleyber court:

·         One Year imprisonment and

The Appeal Court commuted the sentence to:

·        Eight months of imprisonment

Source: Ref: 407/2006 on 1 November 2006

 

 

Punitive jail

 

Urmu

17

Elirza Javanbekhet Qulunju

Charges:

1.     His membership of the little group called ASMEK,

2.     Undermining the security and territorial integrity of the country,

3.     Publicity for Pan-Turkism for the formation of a Turkic autonomous government,

4.     Cessation from the divine Islamic Republic of Iran

Sentence: 6 months of punitive jail suspended for 2 years

Punitive jail

Suspended

Section 4        Sentences since the May 2006 Mass Protesters

4.1    Activists suffering from indefinite detention

No

Name, Surname

Sentence

Type

 

Tebriz

1

Elirza Sebri

Indefinitely detained since May 2006 in Tebriz Prison. Family members are intimidated not to appoint a lawyer.

 

4.2    Activists in the process of trials

No

Name, Surname

Sentence

Type

 

Erdebil

 

Due to the reports trials of some 50-80 cases are just to start.

 

Maragha

1

Davud Ezimzade

 

Have attended the court on

 

2

Elirza Heqqi

 

3

Hamid Yeganepur

 

4

Mejid Pejuhfam

 

5

 Yashar Hekkakpur Maraghi

 

 

Tebriz

6

Chengiz Bekhtaver

 

http://www.dustaq.blogsky.com/?Date=1385-08

 

Tried on 30 and 31 October 2006

 

7

Hesen Erk

 

8

Huseyn Ehmediyan

 

9

Huseyn Danishju

 

 

Urmu

10

Ibrahim Reshidi (Savalan)

·        He was also detained in March 2006 in relation to the Khojali Massacre

·         A writer (he was detained in May 2006 and when he was summoned to the trail court on 6 August 2006, he was not yet indicted)

 

 

4.3    Persecution of Students

(yet to be populated)

No

Name, Surname

Sentence

Type

 

Erdebil

1

Behruz Elizade

 

 

2

Esger Ekberzade

 

 

 

Maragha

3

Yashar Hekkakpur

 

 

 

Sulduz

 

 

 

 

 

Tebriz

4

Hamid Tovfiq

 

·   A student of electronic engineering of Tebriz University, a member of the council of students union

·   Decision: one term suspension from the course and losing the student aids

·    Background: There is almost certainty that the decision is for purging him for promoting the Azerbaijani Turkic identity and taking part in the May 2006 Mass Protests

·    The note summoning him for the disciplinary hearing

 

5

Evezpur

 

 

6

Urmu

7

Ibrahim Dehqan

Source: xxx/2006 on 28 June 2006

 

8

Mrs. Ilahe Radmehr

9

Mehdi Haj Mehemmedi

10

Mehemmed Huseyn zade

11

Mejid Makui

 

12

Resul Jeferi

·         

 

 

 

 

 

 

Zenjan

13

The Students Union of Zenjan University was dismissed by the University authority in the new academic year and their budget is cut off.

 

 

·          

 

4.3           Activists Sentenced

No

Name, Surname

Sentence

Type

 

Erdebil

 

1

Abbas LEYSANLI (Lesani)

Charges: Some 5 or 6 cases are open against him and we have submitted a communication against arbitrary cases pressed against this activist. See our letter: Ref.: 378/2006 on 10 September 2006

One of these cases is:

The imputed charges are:           

1.  Actively participating in many special and illegal ceremonies such as annual assembly at Babek Castle,                                                                                                              

2.  Encouraging other members of the public to participate in that Assembly,

3.  Preparing placards of various sizes in Turkic Azerbaijani written in Latin alphabet,

4.  Reciting Azerbaijani poems, preparing and reading other relevant materials to other participants,

5.  Preparing and distributing Turkic National Calendar within the province and nationwide,

6.  Keeping in close contact with people of similar opinions and other compatriots,

7.  Intending to promote Azerbaijani Turkic nationalism and independence,

8.  Keeping in touch with other individuals of similar ideologies within Iran and abroad, using the Internet to send messages to various websites etc.

The Sentence:

· A total of 16 months of imprisonment

· 50 lashes

· Exile

The sentence was published in the various website and its translation was submitted in our letter:

Ref: 378/2006 on 31 August 2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Punitive jail +

Lashing +

Exile

 

 

2

Asef IBRAHIM ZADE

Sentence: 4 months  of imprisonment, 3 million Riyal fine in cash and 50 lashes

9 Sept 2006: http://sa-news.blogfa.com/8505.aspx

Punitive jail +

Lashing

3

Behmen EFQANI: son of Bayrameli, 20 yrs old, student

Sentence: 6 months  of imprisonment, 3 million Riyal fine in cash and 40 lashes

13 September 2006 at http://asmek.blogfa.com/ 

Punitive jail +

Lashing

4

Behruz ELIZADE: 18 yrs old

provided a 150 million Riyal bail

13 September 2006 at http://asmek.blogfa.com/

Fine

5

Ekber KHUB

Sentence: fine in cash of 300,000 Tumen and 50 lashes

13 September 2006 at http://asmek.blogfa.com/

Fine +

Lashing

6

Ekber Qurbani

Background: Detained for taking part in the May 2006 Mass Protests

Sentence: Due to unbearable pressures from the authorities, the employer had to reluctantly sack this victim from his employment

Source: http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-272.aspx

 

 

Sacking

7

Elirza YUSUFI

Charges: distributing leaflets

Sentence: it is understood to be a jail sentence suspended for one year

 

Suspended

8

Hesen ALMAS ZADE

70 million  fine in cash

Fine

9

Hesen BALAZADE (a 16 yrs old teenager):

Charge: breaking public assets, attacking security agents, breaking their cameras

Sentence: 3 months  and 1 day of punitive jail and 50 lashes

 

Punitive jail +

Lashing 

10

Jelal TEQEVI:

Sentence: 3 months  and 1 day of imprisonment and 50 lashes

Jail +

Lashing

11

Mezahir MEALI:

Sentence: 3 months  and 1 day of imprisonment, 40 lashes

Punitive Jail +

Lashing

12

Mustafa NEZER KERDE

Sentence: 6 months  of imprisonment, 3 million Riyal fine in cash and 40 lashes

Punitive Jail +

Lashing + fine

13

Qasim QERIBI: son of Abbas, 20 years old,

10 million Riyal fine in cash and 40 lashes

Lashing + Fine

14

Ramin DISNAD (19 yrs old)

Sentence: 1 year of imprisonment

Punitive Jail

15

Rehim KHUDADADI:

Sentence: 3 months  and 1 day of imprisonment, 40 lashes

Punitive Jail +

Lashing

16

Rza TEDEYYON:

Sentence: 4 months  and 1 day of imprisonment, 40 lashes

Punitive Jail +

Lashing

17

Vedud SEADETI

Sentence: 6 months  of imprisonment, 3 million Riyal fine in cash and 50 lashes

Punitive jail +

Lashing + fine

 

Keleyber

18

Seid MEHEMMEDI

Charge: promoting Turkic identity of Southern Azerbaijanis;

Sentence: 1 year imprisonment and 2 years of exile to the Island of Khur Moj

 

Jail + Exile

19

Seid BIDOKHT (Bayqal)

Charge: promoting Turkic identity of Southern Azerbaijanis

Sentence: 8 months of imprisonment

 

Jail

 

Maki

20

Baghir PASHAPUR

 

 

Charge: Archiving articles and pictures related to Southern Azerbaijan

Sentence: confiscating the computer in favour of the state revenue and fining the parents with 450,000 Tumen in cash

 

 

Confiscation + Fine

21

Shehram PASHAPUR

 

Merend

22

Emir Huseyni

Sentence: 2 years of imprisonment but suspended

Date: 22 November 2006

Source: http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-263.aspx

Suspended

23

Sahibeli KHUDABEKHSHI (Elyaz YEKENLI)

See our letter Ref: 350B/2006 on 17 July 2006

Released on condition

 

Qoshachay (Miyandoab)

24

Behbud Quluzade

Court: Branch 101 of Penal Court, Qoshachay

 

 

 

5 million Riyal fine in cash

 

 

 

 

 

Source: as attached

 

 

 

 

 

Fine

25

Eli Razi

26

Eli Soltani

27

Ehmed Jiddi

28

Jelal Kurdderilu

29

Mohsun Feramerzi

30

Shahrux Feramerzi

31

Yusuf Shukriyan

32

Aresh Tedeyyun

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 million Riyals buying the sentence in lieu of imprisonment and flagging

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: as attached

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fine

33

Ekber Elipur

34

Ekber Shiri

35

Emir Aghazade

36

Emir Seqefi

37

Hatem  Rustemi-vend

38

Huseyn Pur-Huseyn

39

Maqsud Fethi

40

Mehdi Bazmani

41

Milad Tevekkuli

42

Mir-Sejjad Musevi

43

Nadir Emani

44

Rza Emiri

45

Tahmasib Jovdet

46

Vehid Qevi-bazu

47

Veli Zohrabi

 

Salmas

48

Javad Abbasi

The sentence is not clear yet

 

 

Sulduz (Source: http://sa-news.blogfa.com/post-124.aspx)

49

Jefer QARACHAL

Charge: participating in May 2006 protests

Sentence: 320,000,000 Riyal cash

Fine

50

Qurban Abbasi

Charge: Printing and publishing of articles in the local paper Ferda-ye-ma in the special edition for Sulduz

Sentence: Fined 1 million Tumen (Approx. $1000)

Source: http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-265.aspx

And http://www.asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/

Fine

51

Person 18

1.5 million Riyal fine in cash and 50 lashes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lashing

52

Person 19

1.5 million Riyal fine in cash and 50 lashes

53

Person 18

1.5 million Riyal fine in cash and 50 lashes

54

Person 19

1.5 million Riyal fine in cash and 50 lashes

55

Person 18

1.5 million Riyal fine in cash and 50 lashes

56

Person 18

1.5 million Riyal fine in cash and 50 lashes

57

Person 19

1.5 million Riyal fine in cash and 50 lashes

58

Person 18

1.5 million Riyal fine in cash and 50 lashes

59

Person 19

1.5 million Riyal fine in cash and 50 lashes

60

Person 18

1.5 million Riyal fine in cash and 50 lashes

61

Person 19

1.5 million Riyal fine in cash and 50 lashes

62

Person 18

1.5 million Riyal fine in cash and 50 lashes

63

Person 19

1.5 million Riyal fine in cash and 50 lashes

64

Person 18

1.5 million Riyal fine in cash and 50 lashes

65

Person 19

1.5 million Riyal fine in cash and 50 lashes

66

Person 18

1.5 million Riyal fine in cash and 50 lashes

67

Person 19

1.5 million Riyal fine in cash and 50 lashes

68

Person 18

1.5 million Riyal fine in cash and 50 lashes

69

Person 19

1.5 million Riyal fine in cash and 50 lashes

 

Tebriz

70

Abbas Pur-Ezheri

·   Court: Branch 110 of Penal Court, Tebriz; detained for 25 days, released on bail (10 million Tumen)

·   Charge: Taking part in the May 2006 Mass Protests

·   Sentence: 6 months of punitive jail + 50 lashing

·   Appeal: 6 months of suspended jail

·   Source: http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-271.aspx

 

 

Punitive jail + Lashing Suspended

71

Ebulfezl Vusali

·   Charge: provoking and inciting the people to riot by publishing Neda-ye-Azerbaijan

·   Sentence: 6 months of punitive imprisonment

 

Punitive jail

72

Eli Bedeli (university student)

Court: Revolutionary Court, Branch 1, Tebriz; chaired by the Judge Ali Akbari; without the presence of the lawyer and in a closed session

Charge: (i) Publicity against the Holy system of the Islamic Republic of Iran; and (ii) membership of a little Pan-Turkist group

Sentence: a total of 1 year jail (4+8 months) - punitive

Source: http://www.asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/

And http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-274.aspx

Punitive jail

73

Eli GULKAR, son of Mustafa

 

 

·   Charge: disturbing public order; printing and distributing leaflets;

·  Sentence: 7 months imprisonment and 50 lashes

 

Punitive jail + Lashing

74

Eli Huseyn TEHEMTEN, son of Qulu

·   Charge: disturbing public order

·   Sentence: 6 months of imprisonment and 50 lashes

 

Punitive jail + Lashing

75

Firidun Ibrahim-zade

Sentence:  5 months of imprisonment + 50 lashing

http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/8507.aspx

Punitive jail + Lashing

76

Hesen BAHARI Khaje, son of Eli Ekber

·   Charge: disturbing public order, propaganda against the order of Islam

·   Sentence: 8 months of punitive jail, suspended for 5 years and 74 lashes

 

Punitive jail + Lashing

77

Hesen HERGULI (known as: Hesen Demirchi or ); son of Hebib

·   Charge: Pan-Turkism, separatism, disturbing public order

·   Sentence: one year imprisonment and 50 lashes

 

Jail + Lashing

78

Huseyn ESLI, son of Mehemmed

·   Charge: not published

·   Sentence: 8months of imprisonment

http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-262.aspx

 

Jail + Lashing

79

Hesen Jeferi

Sentence:  4 months of imprisonment + 40 lashing

http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/8507.aspx

Jail + Lashing

80

Ibadet Mededi Nigaristani

Court: Revolutionary Court, Branch 1, Tebriz

Charge: membership of a little Pan-Turkist group and undermining nati`onal security

Detention: tortured for 35 days when in detention

Sentence: 2 years and 10 months of punitive jail

Source: http://www.asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/

And http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-274.aspx

 

 

 

 

Punitive jail

81

Ibrahim Deshti

Sentence:  3 months of imprisonment + 40 lashing

http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/8507.aspx

Jail + Lashing

82

Javad Ferej-pur

Sentence:  3 months of imprisonment + 40 lashing

http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/8507.aspx

Jail + Lashing

83

Mahmud HESENPUR Sheykh Rejeb, son of Mehemmed

·   Charge: Disturbing public order

·   Sentence: Punitive 6 months jail + 50 lashes which will be carried out after obtaining medical certificate. The lashing will be carried out over his normal clothing, out of the public view and in a fine pleasant day. The punishment will be applied to all over his body with exception of his head, face and private parts (testicles).

 

 

Punitive jail + Lashing

84

 

 

Mehdi Babai (Okhtay)

Judge: Eli Eli-Ekberi,

Court: Revolutionary Court, Branch 1, Tebriz

Charges: membership of illegal little groups;

Undermining the security of the country by way of reading and distributing Turkic newspapers and books

Sentence:  6 months of punitive jail

Information source: http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/85064.aspx

Date Published : 20 September 2006

Jailed in Tebriz Prison, the Wing for thieves

 

 

 

 

 

 

Punitive jail + Lashing

 

85

Mehemmed Elipur

Sentence:  4 months of imprisonment + 40 lashing

Jail + Lashing

86

Mehemmed Huseyn DIV-BENDI, son of Eli

·  Charge: disturbing public order

·  Sentence: 1 year of imprisonment and 30000 Tumen fine in cash

 

Jail + Fine

87

Mehdi NURI (Elman Tebrizli)

was released after 80 days of imprisonment and torture (Ref:370/2006 on 25 Aug 2006)

Conditional release

88

Muslum JAVAD PUR, son of Mehemmed

·  Charge: disturbing public order

·  Sentence: 6 months of imprisonment and 50 lashes

 

Punitive jail + Lashing

99

Rza Ebri

Sentence:  4 months of imprisonment + 40 lashing

http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/8507.aspx

Punitive jail + Lashing

90

Semed PEYVENDI, son of Rza

TRIAL No 1:

The Judge was Mr. Khelil Ilahi of Branch 120, of Penal Court

The Charges were: disturbing the public peace

 

The Sentences were:

·         Four months of imprisonment

·         Punitive 30 Lashes

TRIAL NO 2:

The Judge was Mr. Ali Akberi

The Charges were: propaganda against the system

 

The Sentences were:

·         Six months of imprisonment

 

Appeal Courts

Upheld both sentences

Ref: 406/2006 on 1 November 2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Punitive jail + Lashing

91

Suleyman (Ehmed) HEYDERI, son of Huseyn

·  Charge: disturbing public order

·  Sentence: 7 months of imprisonment and 50 lashes

 

Jail + Lashing

92

Taghi EKBERI, son of Yaqub

·   Charge: not known

·  Sentence: Sentence: 6 months of imprisonment and 50 lashes

 

Jail + Lashing

93

Umid ERBABI, son of Mehemmed

·  Charge: disturbing public order

·  Sentence: 5 months and 1 day of imprisonment and 50 lashes

 

Jail + Lashing

94

Vehid Sheykh-beglu

·   Sentence:  3 months of imprisonment + 40 lashing (already has suffered the execution of this infamous act of flogging

·   http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/8507.aspx

 

Jail + Lashing

95

Yusuf SEBRI, son of Eli Mehemmed

·  Charge: disturbing public order

·  Sentence: not clear yet

 

Not clear yet

 

Tehran

96

Hesen Rashidi

Charges:

1.        Publicity activities against the system and publicity to the opposition;

2.        Illegal gatherings, taking part in them; creating unusual noise in these gatherings;

3.        Undermining public order;

4.        teaching the Turkish language in the Teacher Training University;

5.        Writing articles for promoting ethnicity, separatism in student publications;

6.        Taking part in the seminar for the national unity on 25 December 2006 at the Teacher Training University of Karaj and supporting the Tribe of the Turk.

7.        As a teacher of the Turkic language, incited tribal tensions. Acted as the leading hand behind the recent gatherings in Azerbaijan and Tehran and playing an effective role.

8.        As a human right reporter, has passed intelligence information to the BBC and internal and foreign news agencies related to the clashes and violence (reportages from the Ministry of Information)

9.        Upholds federalism and has written an article in the Periodical Dilmaj on this subject in 2005.

10.     Delivered a speech in the University of Science and Technology (Date: 3 June 2006); there mentioned that silence is not the sign of content but this may entail a storm behind; being irresponsibly in the university, teaching and giving speeches there, organising a Committee for defending and gathering finance for the families of the detainees and those who lost their lives in the riots and rebellion.

11.     Sending short zipped messages to the various people, taking part in illegal gatherings in front of the Islamic Parliament of Iran, and giving an interview to the BBC.

Sentence: 1 year of imprisonment suspended for 5 years

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jail but suspended

97

Saleh Kamrani

Charges:

1.  Interviews given to the News Services of Voice of America (Translators note: this text is hand written and the quality is poor and therefore there is small likelihood that the abbreviated text may not exactly as VOA) and B.B.C on 14 June 2006 (Section or leaf 72 of the file) and

2.  Undertaking the defence of individuals opposing the system and those undermining national security or promoting their ethnic identity (Section 71 of the file), and

3.  Escalating the insecurity through a diverse approaches

4.  Sending SMS to individuals with messages aimed at publicist against the system of the Islamic Republic of Iran

5.  Also confessions obtained from the Accused and inexcusable statements at the presence of the Court and

6.  Many other similar instances

Sentence:

The sentence consists of one year of imprisonment.

The sentence is suspended for 5 years .

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jail but suspended

 

 

 

Urmu

98

 

 

Huseyin NURI

Charge: undermining the security of the country, participated in the mass protests of May 2006, participated in sitting-in protests within the university and taking steps in exposing the burial of a victim

Sentence: 8 months of imprisonment postponed for 2 years.

Suspended

99

Ibrahim Reshidi (Savalan)

Judge: Mr. Dervishi

Court: Revolutionary Court, Branch 1, Urmu

Date of Trial: 23 October 2006

Charges: Not reported

Lawyer: the trail was carried out without the lawyer

Sentence:  not clear yet

Information source: http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/85081.aspx

Date Published : 28 October 2006

 

 

Not clear yet

100

Mejid MAKUI

or (MAKUIZAD)

Judge: not known

Court: Revolutionary Court, Urmu

Date of Trial: 2 September 2006

Charges: attending the funeral of Esedpur, a victim of violence of security agents, risk to security of the country, sit-in protests in the university, setting fire to public places

Sentence:  5 months of imprisonment

Information source: http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/85064.aspx

Date Published : 18 September 2006

 

Jail

101

Rza Seferi

2 years of imprisonment

Suspended

102

Umid KERIM ZADE

3 years

Suspended

103

Yusuf Pir-budaghi

Charge: Printing and publishing of articles in the local paper Ferda-ye-ma in the special edition for Sulduz

Sentence: Fined 1 million Tumen (Approx. $1000)

Source: http://haqqimiz.blogfa.com/post-265.aspx

And http://www.asmek-yeni.blogspot.com/

Fine

 

Zenjan

104

Rza ABBASI

Charges: insulting the Leader [of the Islamic Republic of Iran] and propaganda against the system

Sentence: six months of punitive jail per each charge

See our letter Ref 380/2006 on 16 Sept 2006

Punitive jail

The Various Correspondences of DunAzHAK related to the senteces

Initial informative letters by DunAzHAK

·         The letter: Ref. 367/2006 on 22 August 2006 showing that 10 out of 13 sentences included flagging

·         The letter: 369/2006 on 24 August 2006 giving more on information on a teenager sentenced for flagging

General Communication submitted (inappropriately referred to as Complaint):

·         The Communication: 382/2006 submitted on 17 September 2006 and providing data on 66 integrated cases of sentences, 39 of which included flagging.

Specific Communications submitted:

·         The Communication Ref: 406/2006 lodged on 1 November 2006 to safeguard human rights of a prisoner of conscience when more reliable data became available.

·         Communication (402/2006 on 27 Oct 2006) to safeguard human rights of a teenage prisoner of conscience.

·         Communication for safeguarding human rights of Mr. Leysanli suffering a multitude of arbitrary sentences and we have submitted a range of letters on him the most latest being: Ref 409/2006 on 5 November 2006.

·         Communication for safeguarding human rights of Mr. Rza Abbasi and we have produced a range of letters on him the most latest being: Ref 397/2006 on 15 October 2006.

·         Communication for safeguarding human rights of maestro Hesen Azerbaijan and we have produced a range of letters on him the most latest being: Ref 401/2006 on 20 October 2006.

·         Communication for safeguarding human rights of Mr Saleh Kamrani, the distinguished human right lawyer and we have produced a range of letters on him the most latest being: Ref 405/2006 on 31 October 2006.

 

Section 5

No

Translations of the Sentence

 

Erdebil

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Page 1 of  2 – Abbas Leysanli (sentence)

Emblem of the Judiciary of the Islamic Republic of Iran

Ref:                                                           14-85/5/22

Judicial Authority:                                 Keleyber (Kaleybar) Revolutionary Court

Supreme Authority of the Court:        Mr Nemati

Plaintiff:                                                   Central Intelligence office

Defendant:                                              Abbas Lesani, of Erdebil (Ardabil), Khiyaban-e-Mojez, Shehid Yusuf Qaffari Street, Number 15P

Accusation:                                            Spreading anti government propaganda

Verdict of the Court

With reference to accusations of Mr Abbas Lesani with following particulars:

Name:                       Abbas Lesani

Fathers name:         Esed

Marital status:        Married

Profession:              Butcher

Intellectual status: Educated

Having considered that the role of the accused in:

1.        Creating public disorder

2.        Participating in illegal marches and gatherings for the purpose of causing social disorder all over Erdebil during the afternoon of Saturday 27 May 2006.

3.        Participating in intentional arson and destruction of state-owned properties.

4.        Encouraging members of the public to commit illegal activities on the aforesaid date which resulted in fire and destruction of approximately 66 private and state owned banks, Refah Supermarket and Traffic Police Station in Erdebil, causing damages to people’s vehicles, in particular to the vehicles carrying government number plates.

After considering contents of the reports issued by security and security agents of the Ministry of Intelligence in Erdebil, carrying out customary investigations and the fact that the accused had escaped after participating in the uprising of 27 May 2006 which eventually resulted in his arrest by security forces.

According to the information gathered from the other detainees, it became apparent that the accused had distributed leaflets containing emotional and nationalistic ideologies with the purpose of encouraging them to participate in the marches which took place on the above date.

 

 

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Page 2 of  2 – Abbas Leysanli (sentence)

 

A quantity of documents was discovered from the butchery shop of the accused, which indicated that prior to the demonstrations on above date, he had the intention of organising illegal demonstrations and marches. It is evident from the complaints issued by such banks as: Mellat, Saderat, Sepah, Refah, Melli, Parsian and Maslan and also from Refah Chain Stores and Bank keshaverzi in Erdabil that they all suffered financial losses as a result of the said demonstration and that the accused was one of its main organisers.

 

Also, the accused was present at the centre of the demonstrations which stretched from Sarcheshme Square until Sherieti Square. Throughout the demonstrations he was carried on the shoulders of the other participants. Video films taken by security and information agents (attached to the file) are evidence of the above claims.

 

Furthermore, large volume of recordings of the telephone conversations of accused with certain individuals who somehow were involved with organising of the illegal marches of 28 May 2006 indicates that he was a decision-maker for making public speeches in where and when.

 

As it is evident from the investigations and in accordance with the confessions of the accused regarding his presence in the illegal gatherings of 28 May 2006 in Erdebil, his and his honourable lawyer`s pointless efforts to prove his innocence in disturbing peace, encouraging others to cause destruction and fire, by considering other evidences present in the file and in accordance with Articles 618, 676, 677,43, 47, and 727 of the Islamic Penal Law the following verdict have been issued:

 

The accused is sentenced to ten months imprisonment and fifty lashes for disturbing the peace, causing public disorder by encouraging others to behave in irrational ways on Saturday 28 May 2006 which resulted in complete lack of law and order in Erdebil.

 

He is further sentenced to serve six months imprisonment for participating in destruction and burning of public and private properties.

 

The above sentences were issued in the presence of the accused and an appeal may be considered in the honourable Court of Appeal of Erdebil.

 

Judiciary of Department 105 of general Court of Erdebil

 

Hosseinian

 

 

Copy corresponds with the original

Signature of Clerk of the Court

 

Parviz Akberi-Hooshyar

 

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Page 1 of  2 – Abbas Leysanli (Appeal Outcome)

 

THE SEAL OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN

 

File No:            K300-85/1                   Verdict No.: 313-85/8/9

 

Appealer: 1. Honourable Prosecutor and Revolutionary Court in Erdebil, 2. Abbas Lisani, son of Esed; Address: Mojuz Street, Shehid Qaffari Road, No. 15

 

The case is defended by Mr. Seyid Mehemmed Rza Feqihi: Tehran, Heft-tir Street, Along South flank of Al-Javad Mosque, Bekhtiyar Street, No. 81, Second floor, the Office

 

Appeal Parties: against one another

 

Appeal Case: Request for appeal on the case of File Ref: 630-85/7/5 issued by Branch 105 of the General Penal Court, Erdebil

 

The Verdict of the Court

 

This document is with regard to Mr. Abbas Lisani’s appeal (son of Esed) and defended by Mr. Seyid Mehemmed Rza Feqihi, a first grade lawyer of the Ministry of Justice, regarding the Case: 85/7/5/-630 issued within File 546-75/105 of Branch 105 by the General Penal Court, Erdebil. The view is that:

  • No effective appeal was lodged by the Appealer and his Lawyer to bring under question the sentence issued earlier on the case;
  • The various subjects mentioned in the Appeal is a repeat of those mentioned during preliminary investigations and they were expressed then and investigated by the honourable Judge at the preliminary stages;
  • The Appeal is not within the guidelines of Article 240 of the Regulations for Assessing Judiciary Procedures of General and Revolutionary Courts (approved in 1998);
  • The sentence issued for acts committed was within the traditions of the “Shariat” and law including the methods employed to assess; as well as it the law and procedures were correctly applied for assessing te case; and we do not see any reason for its (their) violation(s). (Translator’s note: the sources document is in singular).

 

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Page 2 of  2 – Abbas Leysanli (Appeal Outcome)

 

However, it was considered that the sentence was too little for the quantity and quality as well as the intensity of the acts committed by the accused on 27 May 2006 riots, and therefore the honourable General and Revolutionary Prosecutor in Erdebil made a different determination. He considered that the sentence issued was not proportional to the acts committed and to the role of the accused in the destruction and arson on 27 May 2006. He objected to the sentence according to Article 22, Sub-clause 3 of the law as the amendment of the law for Forming General and Revolutionary Trial Courts and requested the intensification of the sentence as well as issuing a complementary sentence by depriving him from living in Erdebil Province and forcefully exiling the accused to other parts of the country.

 

The Court is obliged to the General and Revolutionary Prosecutor and considers the reasons and the evidences in the file, and therefore the sentence shall be intensified based on the punishment law approved in 1998 from 10 months to one year of punitive verdict. This considers the days already spent in the prison during the detention for undermining peace and security by way of unusual movements and making noise on Saturday 27 in the scale of the city of Erdebil. The court also reconfirms the other punishments mentioned in appeal and in addition brings the complementary sentence on the convict. This is because he had a deliberate and leading role in committing these acts and therefore the punitive sentence determined by the law is not sufficient to reproach him.  The Court refers to Article 19 of the Islamic Penal Codes approved in 1991 (1372/11/5-590) and the honourable board of the Supreme Court of the country imposed three years of forceful exile to be spent in the town of Tebes in Yazd Province. This shall be a complementary sentence. This issued sentence is final as a verdict according to Article 248 of the law on the procedure for General and Revolutionary Courts.

 

The Head of Branch 1 of the Appeal Court, Erdebil

 

Gholamreza Khalaf Rezai

 

Chief of Branch 1 of the Appeal Court, Erdebil

 

Sadyar A’talu

 

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Rehim Khudadadi

 

Ministry of Justice’s logo at the top right hand corner

 

Date: …….(Blank-translator)

 

Two stamps of Islamic Republic of Iran each worth one hundred Riyals were stuck to the top left hand corner.

 

A Koranic verse in Arabic on top middle section of the verdict

 

Magistrate:……….( Blank- translator)

 

 

 

Case reference: K85/105-426

Sentence No.:85/6/8-545

Communication filed by: Report (short form for report from office of the Ministry of Intelligence in Erdebil city- Translator)

 

Accused: Rahim Khudadai, son of Ali Asgher, resides at 45 Shuheda Highway, End of A’eme Road , Emin Abad

 

Charges: disturbing public order

 

Magistrate Judge: Huseynian (surname only-Translator)

 

 

Translator’s note: In order to make it legible punctuations were added based upon my understanding as the original document has no punctuation whatsoever.

 

Court verdict

 

As for charges against Mr Rehim Khudadadi, son of Eli Esger,  27 years old, a welder by profession, single, with no previous conviction, out on bail, resident of Erdebil - in consequence of his participation in civil disorder by taking part in unlawful demonstrations on 26 May 2006 in the city of Erdebil with destruction and burning of public and government  properties and deliberate damage to government properties, this court by taking into account the report of the Office of Ministry of Intelligence in Erdebil with their investigation along with the investigation of high court and prosecution petition  No. 391 of 85\4\28 of revolutionary court and civil court and self confessed testimony of the accused to participation in illegal demonstration of  6 May 2006  in Erdebil city and chanting abnormal slogans (making out of ordinary gestures). Charges brought forward against mentioned individual in causing public disorder is proved beyond the doubt therefore, he is given punitive sentence of three month and one day in prison inclusive of the time he has already served with 30 lashes based on the penal code no. 42 and 618. As per other charges of destruction of public properties and causing havoc he was not found guilty. The accused has pleaded not guilty to charges of causing havoc as there was not enough evidence to prove otherwise therefore, with regard to article 37 of the Constitution and Penal Code No.177 of Revolutionary and Civil Courts, the mentioned individual was not found guilty of these charges. This verdict handed down to the defendant in court in his presence and he has 20 days to submit appeal in the Appeal Court of Erdebil province.

 

Magistrate Branch 105 of civil court of Erdebil

 

Judge Huseinian

 

This is an exact copy of original document

Administrative Manager

 

Perviz Ekberi Hushyar

 

(His signature- Translator)

 

 

Qoshachay – the sentence refers to the city of Qoshachay as Miyandoab

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This is the translation of a Collective sentence issued in Qoshachay (Miyandoab)

Page 1 of 2

Number….(Blank-Translator)

Date: …….(Blank-Translator)

Reference...(Blank-Translator)

Ministry of Justice’s logo at the top middle right with a text underneath translated as The (Ministry) of Justice of the Islamic Republic of Iran

In the name of God (at the right hand side of the heading part of the sentence – Translator)

Accusation:

The subject of this Court is the protests in Miyandoab but without the permit on 23 and 24 May 2006 (this text was within a bracket in the following sentence). Public order was disturbed and peace and security was upset.

The Date of Issuing the Sentence: The Court of the Ministry of Justice in Miyandoab, Branch 101 declares the completion of these court case on 4 October 2006 and issues the following sentence:

The Sentence of the Court:

The subject of this Court is the protests in Miyandoab but without the permit on 23 and 24 May 2006 (this text was within a bracket in the following sentence). Public order was disturbed and peace was upset by the participation of the following individuals all and each of them from Miyandoab: 1. Mr. Mohsun Feramerzi, son of Pasha, 2.Shahrukh Feramerzi son of Pasha engaging Mr. Qasim Mehemmedzade as their lawyer, 3. Eli Soltani son of Remezan, 4. Behbud Quluzade son of Abazer, 5. Jelal Kurdderili son of Abbas,  6. Eli Razi son of Sohrab, 7. Ehmed Jiddi son of Kerem,  8. Yusuf Shukriyan son of Ekber, 9. Meqsud Fethi son of Sebr-Eli, 10. Mehdi Bazmani son of Ismail, 11. Emir Agha zade son of Ehmed, 12. Veli Zohrabi son of Ismail, 13. Tahmasib Jovdet son of  Qurban, 14. Hatem Rustemi vend son of Qulamhuseyn, 15. Mir Sejjad Musevi son of Seyid-Rza, 16. Nadir Emani son of Yunus, 17. Rza Emiri son of Husheng, 18. Ekber Elipur son of Heyder, 19. Emir Seqefi son of Hemid, 20. Ekber Shiri son of Mehemmed, 21. Milad Tevekkuli son of Semed, 22. Vehid Qevi-Bazu son of Eziz, 23. Aresh Tedeyyun son of Mehemmed, 27. Huseyn pur-Huseyn son of Mehemmed-Huseyn.

Page 2 of 2 – the collective sentence issued in Qoshachay (Miyandoab)

Having considered the reports and investigations by security agents of the Office of Intelligence of Miyandoab, the usual investigations in the General Justice and Revolutionary of Office of Miyandoab, as well as the statements by the accused in the various stages of attending their cases, the charges brought against the accused are clear and certain. The basis for passing the sentences are according to Article 618 of the Penal Islamic Codes and Article 22 of the same Code. Also we are considering that the accused persons have no penal precedence and well as their particular circumstances, that influenced that accused individuals to commit their acts. Included in these circumstances is the abusive cartoon in the daily newspaper of the country with a wide circulation (the daily Iran) that insulted the Turkic population.

We are considering mitigating sentences about the above accused individuals numbered 1 to 8 through paying a fine of 5 million Riyals (each one) and accused individuals numbered 9 to 27, each 2 million Riyals fine in cash in lieu of imprisonment in favour of the public revenue and lashing. Regarding: 1. Mr. Abbas Khiyali nejad son of Rza defended Mr. Efshin Qulampur, 2. Tovhid Mukhlis son of Qulu, 3. Tovhid Rustemi son of Hesen accused of disturbing public order and upsetting peace. Having considered the usual investigations and the defence of these accused individuals on lack of evidence there was a sufficient ground to clear them based on Article 177 of the procedure for penal cases and Article 37 of the Constitution and as such they are vindicated. The sentencing was in the presence of the accused numbered 1 to 19 and they can appeal within 20 days before the Appeal Court of the province. As regards the regards the remaining accused individuals the sentencing was in their absence and 10 days will be allowed for acknowledgement.

 

Resul Bektashi

The Head of Branch 101 of the Penal Court of the Ministry of Justice, Miyandoab

Signed on 14 October 2006

The stamp has a caption stating that the copy is equivalent to the original, the Manager of Branch 101 of the Penal Court.

 

 

Tebriz

 

 

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Ibadet Mededi Nigaristan (yet to be translated)

 

 

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Mahmud Hesenpur

Emblem of the Judiciary of Islamic Republic of Iran

Judicial Report of The Court

 

Dossier Number:                         Criminal 314-85/110

Judicial Number:                          523-85/5/11

Access Number:                          716589

Section Dealing with the Case:     Department110, Criminal court of Tebriz

Plaintiff:                                       Report

Accused:                                     Mahmud Hesenpur Sheikh Rejeb, son of Mehemmad, resident of Tebriz, Akher-Khiaban-e-Hafiz, Kuye-Fatihiyan, No. 95.

Accusation:                                  Disturbing public order

Description of Proceedings:          After receiving the dossier and filing it under the above reference number, and following the legal stages of the court on 2 August 2006 during the extraordinary time (outside the courts usual working hours), by declaring the end of the hearing, the following sentence was issued:

                                                                   

Court’s Sentence:                        In the present criminal dossier filed under number 31485/110 of the accused, Mr Mahmud Hesenpur Rejeb son of Mehemmed, age: 36 years old, Profession: jeweller, Resident of: Akhere-Khiyabane- Hafiz, Kuye-Fatihiyan, Number 95 has been bailed by  providing a guarantor.

 

The above named is accused of participating in disturbing the public order and the court, by taking into consideration of relevant documents and the contents of the dossier and the reports of relevant officials and  confessions of the accused and his insufficient defence, and other evidences in the said dossier, the accused has been found guilty as charged. Therefore, in accordance with Section 618 of Islamic Penal Law passed in 1996, the accused has been sentenced to 6 months imprisonment together with 50 lashes which will be carried out after obtaining medical certificate. The lashing will be carried out over his normal clothing, out of the public view and in a fine pleasant day. The punishment will be applied to all over his body with exception of his head, face and private parts (testicles).

 

The courts sentence will be carried out with him being present and within 20 days from the date of issuing the acceptance of his appeal. 1% 180585 (Translator’s Note: we guess this is date and transformed as 9 August 2006)

 

Chief of Department 110 of Criminal Court of Tebriz

Vahdat   

 

 

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Mehdi Babai (Okhtay)

 

 

Right hand side: Emblem of the Ministry of Justice of the Islamic Republic of Iran

The caption reads: the Ministry of Justice of the Islamic Republic of Iran

 

Middle header: An Arabic caption

Left hand side of the header: Sentence of the Court: (Blank – Translator)

__________________________________________________________________

 

File No:                       756/85/1

Case No:                     1052 verdicts/85/6/9

Prosecutor:                 Branch 1, the Revolutionary Islamic Court, Tebriz

 

Defendant:                  Mr Mehdi Babai Ejebshir, son of Mehemmed-Sadiq, resident of El Goli, Kuy-e-Ferdovs, Khiyaban 6, Number 288, Tebriz.

 

Accusation:                 Membership in banned organisations intending to undermine National security

 

General procedure:    After receiving the dossier, registering it under the above Reference No., and the performance of legal procedures the court has announced the end of the trial and the sentence has been issued as follows:

 

The sentence:

 

The attached dossier No: 85/1-756 is concerned with the case of Mr Mehdi Babai-Ejebshir, known as Okhtay, son of Mehemmed-Sadiq, born in 1975, birth certificate No. 814, educated, resident of the above address, affiliated to the Shiite Moslem religion, and a citizen of the Islamic Republic of Iran. He is married with no previous convictions and under detention for not having a guarantor. He is accused of being a member in band organisations which are intended to undermine national security. It must be clarified that the accused after reading Turkish books and journals has developed interest in ethnic minority movements.

 

During his education in Islamic Open University (Tebriz branch) he joined Turkic education classes; also during the years 2002 and 2003 he participated in Babek Castle Ceremonies. His other activities in conjunction with showing sympathy to ethnic minorities, include his participation in the funeral of Mehemmed-Eli Ferzane at the Open University in 2005. His greatest connections are related to the Association for Students’ Union (Translator’s Note: often referred to as “Arman” meaning Aspiration), and he was in close contacts with those who have already been arrested and after their trials they have been convicted with suspended imprisonment terms. On an occasion, the accused together with other acquaintances during the election period of 7th parliamentary election travelled to Naqade (Sulduz – Translator) with the intention of voting for those candidates who were in favour of the ethnic minority rights. Furthermore, following the publication of the offensive material in the daily Newspaper Iran, which took place in May 2006, together with his wife he participated in the relevant marches. He is in contact with other ethnic activities including the ones based in Urmia with whom he planned to participate in Babek Castle Ceremonies. Several times he has sent emails to the GAMOH website and according to his confessions, he has objected to their idea of an independent flag. He has also visited other websites of other active groups and forwarded their articles to his friends.

 

After considering the above matters, the initial report and as a result of the investigations of the honourable Provincial Office and the confessions of the accused to the accusations as well as the lack of a reasonable defence and by considering the defence presented by the honourable Public Prosecutor, the accused has been found guilty as charged.

 

Therefore, in accordance with Article 499 of Islamic Penal Code, the accused is hereby sentenced to six month imprisonment with considering the period he has spent in detention prior to the hearing.

 

This sentence was issued in person and an appeal may be considered within 20 days of its date of issue.

 

Head of the First Department of  Revolutionary Islamic Court of Tabriz

 

Ali Ali-Akbary

 

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Mustafa Evezpur

Right hand side: Emblem of the Ministry of Justice of the Islamic Republic of Iran

The caption reads: the Ministry of Justice

Middle header: An Arabic caption

Left hand side of the header: Sentence of the Court: (Blank – Translator)

File No:                       250/85/1 (the number 250 was not clearly legible, it could be 350 – Translator)

Case No:                     1491 verdicts/85/8/10

Prosecutor:                 Branch 1, the Revolutionary Islamic Court, Tebriz

Defendant:                  Mr Mustafa Evezpur, son of Sadiq, resident of Tebriz, Airport Road, Martyr Qarabaghi Avenue, Qum-tepe Square, Number 2, Tebriz.

Accusation:                 Membership of and collaboration with banned little organisations affiliated to pan-Turkism

General procedure:    After receiving the dossier, registering it under the above Reference No., and the performance of legal procedures the court has announced the end of the trial and the sentence has been issued as follows:

The sentence:

The attached dossier No: 85/1-350 is concerned with the case of Mr Mustafa Evzpur, son of Sadiq, born in 1973, educated, resident of the above address (Airport Road, Martyr Qarabaghi Avenue, Qum-tepe Square, Number 2, Tebriz), with no past convictions, would be released if a guarantor is provided. He is accused of membership of, and collaboration with, banned pan-turkist little groups and active in publicity against the holy Islamic Republic of Iran. It may be noted that the accused became active in relation to nationalism and promoting ethnicity within Islamic Open University and outside it, after joining Open University and becoming a member of the Association for Students’ Union (Translator’s Note: often referred to as “Arman” meaning Aspiration) and Association of Azerbaijani Academics. We have also considered that he has been a driver and one of the minds behind in the nationalism of ethnic groups; also he has thoroughly studied the history of the Turks, Turkic languages in the Latin alphabet and the Azerbaijani Turkic language. He is now considered as an element influencing others in relation to nationalism and has taken part in all gatherings organised by nationalistic little groups including the Babek Castle, and illegal gathering in front of the Armenian centre, Tebriz on 26 February 2006 with a massive and widespread turnout. He has been actively involved in these gatherings.

After considering the above matters, the initial report and as a result of the investigations of the Provincial Office and direct confessions of the accused to the accusations in the trial court as well as a whole range of deductions, the accused has been found guilty as charged.

In accordance with Articles 499 and 500 of the Islamic Penal Code, the following sentences are passed to the accused:

  1. Six month of punitive imprisonment in relation to his membership in illegal pan-Turkist groups
  2. Five month of punitive imprisonment in relation to publicity waged against the holy Islamic Republic of Iran.

The days already spent in detention are considered inclusive of the above prison terms. The sentence was issued at the presence of the accused. He can appeal within 20 days of the issuance of the sentence to be considered by the honourable Appeal Court in East Azerbaijan.

Also this court considered accusations against Mr. Mehemmed-Rza Evezpur, son of Sadiq, in relation to publicity in favour of little groups promoting separatism and pan-Turkist ethnicity. Although the accusations are considered true and the File compiled against him is authentic, it is out of the competence of this court to sentence him for being considered as a child. According to Article 5 of the amended bill for forming general and revolutionary trial courts we declare unfit for the conduct of this trial but it is within the capacity of the honourable court for children. 

Head of Branch 1, Revolutionary Islamic Court, Tabriz

Ali Ali-Akbary

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Mustafa Evezpur (yet to be translated)

Emblem of Ministry of Justice of Islamic Republic of Iran

Ref. No: M/2849/003

Date: -------------

The Governors Office of East Azerbaijan

Tebriz Department

Confidential

Mr. Mustafa Evezpur, father’s name: Sadiq

Greetings,

In implementing Article 53 of Islamic Assemblies rules and regulations, you are hereby informed that as a result of considering eligibility of the candidates for the City of Tebriz Assembly, your application for the candidacy has been rejected.

The above ruling was made by the Performance and Monitoring Committees in accordance with Section D of Article 26 and Section J of Article 29 of the law.

Therefore, this ruling is being served on you so that in accordance with Section 1 of Article 50 of Law of Elections you may, if you so wish, present your objection to the Provincial Monitoring Committee within 4 days of receiving this letter.

Signature of Mohammad-Ali Zabihian

Governor of the City of Tebriz

 

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A Transcription of the Sentence on Semed Peyvendi Serderudi

Name:                                     Semed

Family name:                         Peyvend Serderudi

Father’s name:                      Rezzaq

Date of birth:                        

Marital status:                      Married

Occupation:                          Self-employed

Other activities:    Teaching Azerbaijani dances

Normal residence:                Serderi (Serderud), 10Km to the west of Tebriz

 

Date of Arrest:                     

دستگیری در تاریخ  85.4.17  به صورت تلفنی ثوسط اداره کل اطلاعات استان آذربایجان شرقی

انتقال به زندان تبریز در تاریخ  85.4.22

عدم آزادی با وثیقه توسط دادیاری شعبه  16  (قاضی حبیبی)

محاکمه اول:  صدور حکم 4 ماه حبس و 30 ضربه شلاق تعزیری از طرف دادگاه شعبه 120 جزایی    توسط  قاضی خلیل الهی به جرم اخلال در نظم عمومی

محاکمه دوم: صدور حکم 6 ماه حبس از طرف دادگاه شعبه 1 انقلاب توسط قاضی علی اکبری به جرم تبلیغ علیه نظام

تایید حکم صادره در دادگاه تجدید نظر

در حال حاضر در زندان تبریز محبوس می باشد.

 

Hidayet Zakir (yet to be translated)

 

 

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The Sentence Passed to Engineer Hesen Rashidi

by Islamic Revolutionary Court, Tehran

The Branch 13 of the Islamic Revolutionary Court of Tehran passed its Sentence to the case of Engineer Hesen Rashidi on Saturday, 21 October 2006. He was sentenced to one year of punitive imprisonment suspended for five years.

Some of the charges brought to Hesen Rashidi are as follows:

1.       Publicity activities against the system and publicity to the opposition;

2.       Illegal gatherings, taking part in them; creating unusual noise in these gatherings;

3.       Undermining public order;

4.       teaching the Turkish language in the Teacher Training University;

5.       Writing articles for promoting ethnicity, separatism in student publications;

6.       Taking part in the seminar for the national unity on 25 December 2006 at the Teacher Training University of Karaj and supporting the Tribe of the Turk.

7.       As a teacher of the Turkic language, incited tribal tensions. Acted as the leading hand behind the recent gatherings in Azerbaijan and Tehran and playing an effective role.

8.       As a human right reporter, has passed intelligence information to the BBC and internal and foreign news agencies related to the clashes and violence (reportages from the Ministry of Information)

9.       Upholds federalism and has written an article in the Periodical Dilmaj on this subject in 2005.

10.   Delivered a speech in the University of Science and Technology (Date: 3 June 2006); there mentioned that silence is not the sign of content but this may entail a storm behind; being irresponsibly in the university, teaching and giving speeches there, organising a Committee for defending and gathering finance for the families of the detainees and those who lost their lives in the riots and rebellion.

11.   Sending short zipped messages to the various people, taking part in illegal gatherings in front of the Islamic Parliament of Iran, and giving an interview to the BBC.

The Accusations towards publicities against the system of Islamic Republic is express and certain. Thus, according to Article 500 of the Penal Islamic Code, the above named person is sentenced to one year of imprisonment, where the days spent in detention are considered. However, having considered the conditions of the accused and with regard to Article 25, this jail term is suspended for 5 years. Should he violate again the conditions, the sentence shall be carried out. …

Appeals may be submitted with twenty days to the Appeal Court of Tehran.

Note: Engineer Hesen Rashidi objected to the issued sentence and will submit his appeal within 20 days.

 

 

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Saleh Kamrani

Date: 18 September 2006

Ref: 1490/85/13

The Islamic Revolutionary Court of Tehran under the authority of the undersigned persons was formed on xx September 2006 (Translator’s note: the day “xx” is the date is missing in the source document but we know that it took place on 13 September) at the specified time.

The Accused is Saleh Kamrani, son of Murad, born on 1973, Identity card No 101 issued in Eher, married, educated, a lawyer of the Ministry of Justice, resident of Karaj.

Accusation: publicity activities on against the system of the holy Islamic Republic of Iran.

After the indictment and hearing the defence by the Accused, (the minutes were recorded for the proceedings of the court), evaluating the contents of the file and declaring the end of the trial on 16 September 2006, the Court issued its sentence as detailed below:

THE SENTENCE OF THE COURT

This case is with reference to the Accusation on Mr. Saleh Kamrani, son of Murad, on the grounds of publicity activities against the system of the holy Islamic Republic of Iran. The case was formed by:

·   An issued prosecution,

·   The report by the Ministry of Information and

·   Interviews given to the News Services of Voice of America (Translators note: this text is handwritten and the quality is poor and therefore there is a possibility that the abbreviated text may not be exactly as VOA) and the B.B.C on 14 June 2006 (Section or leaf 72 of the file) and

·   Undertaking the defence of individuals who are in opposition with the system and those undermining national security inciting their ethnic identity  (Section 71 of the file), and

·   Escalating the insecurity through a diverse approaches

·   Sending SMS to individuals with messages undermining the holy system of the Islamic Republic of Iran

·   Also confessions obtained from the Accused and inexcusable statements at the presence of the Court and

·   Many other similar instances

The Court concludes the Accused is guilty as charged. 

The Sentence

Therefore a Sentence is passed according to Article 500 of the Islamic Penal Code to the above mentioned person. The sentence consists of one year of imprisonment but includes those days already spent in the detention. This sentence is suspended for 5 years complying with Article 25 of the Islamic penal Code. However, should he commit an offence during this period of suspension, it will be enforced. The sentence issued was in the presence of the Accused and should he object, his appeal will be heard in the Appeal Court of Tehran Province

Head of the Branch 13 of the Revolutionary Court, Tehran

Undersigned by: Sadat

Date: 31 October 2006

 

Urmu

 

Elirza Javanbekht Qulunju

Date                 (Blank – Translator)

Number            (Blank – Translator)

Reference         (Blank – Translator)

An Arabic Written Logo                                   Symbolic Logo

In the name of god

Case: 83/12/9-1798

File: D/2/514/82

Accused: Elirza Javanbekht, son of Mirza agha

Address: Urmiye, Tovhid Square, Me’raj Street, 12 Metre Road, No. 34

The court has evaluated the file to its conclusion and the sentence is detailed as follows:

The Sentence of the Court

In relation to the accusation brought to Mr. Elirza Javanbekht, son of Mirza agha, the comprise:

1.      His membership of the little group called ASMEK,

2.      Undermining the security and territorial integrity of the country,

3.      Publicity for Pan-Turkism for the formation of a Turkic autonomous government,

4.      Cessation from the divine Islamic Republic of Iran

Having given attention to the considerations, reports and detailed searches of the General Office of Intelligence of the Province of W.A. (West Azerbaijan – Translator), also the pamphlets and publications discovered in relation to the referred movement, all the evidence are pointed towards the conclusions that the accused is guilty as charged. Therefore according to Article 499 of the Islamic Penal Code, the accused is sentenced to 6 months of punitive jail and according to Article 25 of the above mentioned Code, the execution of the term is suspended for two years. Should he violate the terms of Article 25, the penalty shall be carried out as spelt out in the sentence. This sentence was issued in the presence of the accused and can be appealed within 20 days in the Province of W.A. (West Azerbaijan - Translator).

16 March 2005

Undersigned by the Head of Branch 2 of the Revolutionary Court, Urmie

Section 6  Source Documents

The source documents are not included in this release to reduce the size of the document.

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